Book ID: CBB834727236

On Logic and the Theory of Science (2019)


Cavaillès, Jean (Author)
Bachelard, Gaston (Author)
Canguilhem, Georges (Author)
Ehresmann, Charles Andrée (Author)
Peden, Knox (Translator)

Peden, Knox

Publication Date: 2019
Physical Details: 120 pp.
Language: English

A new translation of the final work of French philosopher Jean Cavaillès. In this short, dense essay, Jean Cavaillès evaluates philosophical efforts to determine the origin―logical or ontological―of scientific thought, arguing that, rather than seeking to found science in original intentional acts, a priori meanings, or foundational logical relations, any adequate theory must involve a history of the concept. Cavaillès insists on a historical epistemology that is conceptual rather than phenomenological, and a logic that is dialectical rather than transcendental. His famous call (cited by Foucault) to abandon "a philosophy of consciousness" for "a philosophy of the concept" was crucial in displacing the focus of philosophical enquiry from aprioristic foundations toward structural historical shifts in the conceptual fabric. This new translation of Cavaillès's final work, written in 1942 during his imprisonment for Resistance activities, presents an opportunity to reencounter an original and lucid thinker. Cavaillès's subtle adjudication between positivistic claims that science has no need of philosophy, and philosophers' obstinate disregard for actual scientific events, speaks to a dilemma that remains pertinent for us today. His affirmation of the authority of scientific thinking combined with his commitment to conceptual creation yields a radical defense of the freedom of thought and the possibility of the new.

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Authors & Contributors
Gardner, Robert B.
Shanks, Niall
Lepage, Francois
Morgan, Charles
Rawlings, Piers
Vineberg, Susan
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
Monist: An International Quarterly Journal of General Philosophical Inquiry
University of Chicago Press
World Scientific
Oxford University Press
Indiana University
Cambridge University Press
Philosophy of science
Theory (philosophy)
Theories of knowledge
Bruno, Giordano
Bacon, Francis, 1st Baron Verulam
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Descartes, René
Petrarch, Francesco
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, late
20th century, early
18th century
16th century
17th century

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