Article ID: CBB826769138

Practice-Oriented Controversies and Borrowed Epistemic Credibility in Current Evolutionary Biology: Phylogeography as a Case Study (2014)


Philosophical treatments of scientific controversies usually focus on theory, excluding important practice related aspects. However, scientists in conflict often appeal to extra-theoretical and extra-empirical elements. To understand better the role that non-empirical elements play in scientific controversies, we introduce the notion of borrowed epistemic credibility, illustrating our proposal with a recent controversy in a field of evolutionary biology known as phylogeography. Our analysis shows how scientific controversies that spring from disagreements about methodological issues potentially involve deeper debates regarding what constitutes good science, prompting the re-examination of more general issues, such as the nature of inference, rationality, and objectivity.

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Authors & Contributors
Schantz, Richard
Greco, John
Kornblith, Hilary
Sosa, Ernest
Pollock, John
Lehrer, Keith
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Science and Education
Perspectives on Science
American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly
Walter de Gruyter
University of Pittsburgh
University of Chicago Press
Carocci Editore
Philosophy of science
Evolutionary developmental biology
Controversies and disputes
Darwin, Charles Robert
Dewey, John
Forel, August Henri
Ostwald, Wilhelm
Sokal, Robert R.
Feyerabend, Paul K.
Time Periods
21st century
19th century
20th century
20th century, late
20th century, early
United States
Human Genome Project

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