Article ID: CBB819821879

Farmacia e medicina nelle pandemie di peste nel corso della storia (2021)

unapi

In this paper we describe some features concerning plague epidemics in the middle ages, from the fall of Rome at the hands of the Goths in the year 476, to the fall of Constantinople in 1453, commonly considered respectively the beginning and the end of the Middle Ages. The Black Death refers to the most devastating plague pandemic in human history that stroke Eurasia in the fourteenth century with a peak between 1347 and 1353, frequently recurring in the following centuries. The black plague wiped out a third of Europe’s population and recurred in successive waves until 1490, eventually killing some 200 million people. However, in the Venetian colony of Ragusa, present day Dubrovnik (Croatia), which had a busy port for Mediterranean maritime traffic, the local Authorities adopted a clever and much less tyrannical method to try to stop the diffusion of the contagion. In 1377, the city rulers decided to impose a period of forty days of isolation to all travelers, crews and products that landed there. To our knowledge, this is the first historically documented example of a quarantined city.

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Authors & Contributors
Easton, Patricia
Lewis, Daniel
Varlik, Nükhet
Bourdelais, Patrice
Erkoreka, Anton
Crawshaw, Jane L. Stevens
Journals
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Histoire des Sciences Médicales
Science in Context
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Isis Bibliography of the History of Science
Social Science History
Publishers
Johns Hopkins University Press
Ashgate Publishing
ABC-CLIO
Claremont Graduate University
The Claremont Graduate University
Editoriale Jouvence
Concepts
Plague
Public health
Epidemics
Medicine
Quarantine
Disease and diseases
People
Donzellini, Girolamo
Henry VIII, King of England
Time Periods
Medieval
16th century
18th century
Early modern
17th century
19th century
Places
Europe
England
Mediterranean region
Italy
France
Venice (Italy)
Institutions
World Health Organization (WHO)
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