Article ID: CBB819471497

Rethinking Collaboration: Medical Research and Working Relationships at the Iranian Pasteur Institute (2021)


The Pasteur Institute of Iran underwent a major expansion of its research productivity and international recognition during some of the most significant events of modern Iranian history: the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, followed by the Anglo-American coup against Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in 1953. During this period, the institute’s French director, Marcel Baltazard, was embedded in a complex set of working relationships with his Iranian employees, research subjects, and government ministers; American scientists and foreign aid workers; and French Pasteurians and diplomats. Baltazard constantly described these relationships as instances of “collaboration.” The temporal and geographical context demands a critical reading of scientific collaboration alongside the negative implications of political collaboration. Investigating the political commitments and social attitudes of the French director and Iranian staff, this essay demonstrates that scientific collaboration at the institute both reinforced socioeconomic inequalities within Iran and mirrored global Cold War geopolitics that undermined Iranian sovereignty.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book E. van der Vleuten; P. Högselius; A. Hommels; A. Kaijser; Erik van der Vleuten; (2013)
The Making of Europe's Critical Infrastructure: Common Connections and Shared Vulnerabilities (/isis/citation/CBB085424881/)

Book Jeroen van Dongen; (2016)
Cold War Science and the Transatlantic Circulation of Knowledge (/isis/citation/CBB575528493/)

Book Christopher Hollings; (2016)
Scientific Communication Across the Iron Curtain (/isis/citation/CBB669539792/)

Article Petersen, Nikolaj; (2013)
The Politics of US Military Research in Greenland in the Early Cold War (/isis/citation/CBB001212894/)

Book Yuka Moriguchi Tsuchiya; (2022)
Science, Technology and the Cultural Cold War in Asia: From Atoms for Peace to Space Flight (/isis/citation/CBB662851239/)

Article Lidiane Soares Rodrigues; (2020)
Brazilian Political Scientists and the Cold War: Soviet hearts, North-American Minds (1966–1988) (/isis/citation/CBB544221433/)

Chapter Ilaria Zamburlini; (2020)
Scienziati sovietici e diritti umani. Il dialogo transatlantico dopo Helsinki (1975-1979) (/isis/citation/CBB159506658/)

Book Löwy, Ilana; Krige, John; (2001)
Images of Disease: Science, Public Policy, and Health in Post-war Europe (/isis/citation/CBB000100784/)

Article Nile Green; (2016)
Fordist Connections: The Automotive Integration of the United States and Iran (/isis/citation/CBB165106840/)

Article Gerardo Ienna; Giulia Rispoli; (2023)
Naukovedenie: the social studies of science in the USSR and their international circulation (/isis/citation/CBB890592914/)

Chapter Federico Chiaricati; (2020)
Reti transnazionali di scienziati tra anni Cinquanta e Sessanta. Le Pugwash Conferences (/isis/citation/CBB087318412/)

Book Elisabetta Bini; Elisabetta Vezzosi; (2020)
Scienziati e guerra fredda: Tra collaborazione e diritti umani (/isis/citation/CBB957549150/)

Authors & Contributors
Bini, Elisabetta
Vittoria, Albertina
Chiaricati, Federico
Vezzosi, Elisabetta
Rispoli, Giulia
Bassi, Giulia
Science and politics
Cold War
Science and society
Cross-national interaction
Science and war; science and the military
Science and ethics
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, late
20th century, early
Soviet Union
United States
Ford Foundation

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment