Article ID: CBB819471497

Rethinking Collaboration: Medical Research and Working Relationships at the Iranian Pasteur Institute (2021)

unapi

The Pasteur Institute of Iran underwent a major expansion of its research productivity and international recognition during some of the most significant events of modern Iranian history: the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, followed by the Anglo-American coup against Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in 1953. During this period, the institute’s French director, Marcel Baltazard, was embedded in a complex set of working relationships with his Iranian employees, research subjects, and government ministers; American scientists and foreign aid workers; and French Pasteurians and diplomats. Baltazard constantly described these relationships as instances of “collaboration.” The temporal and geographical context demands a critical reading of scientific collaboration alongside the negative implications of political collaboration. Investigating the political commitments and social attitudes of the French director and Iranian staff, this essay demonstrates that scientific collaboration at the institute both reinforced socioeconomic inequalities within Iran and mirrored global Cold War geopolitics that undermined Iranian sovereignty.

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Authors & Contributors
Bini, Elisabetta
Vittoria, Albertina
Chiaricati, Federico
Vezzosi, Elisabetta
Rispoli, Giulia
Bassi, Giulia
Concepts
Science and politics
Cold War
Science and society
Cross-national interaction
Science and war; science and the military
Science and ethics
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, late
20th century, early
Places
Soviet Union
United States
Europe
Italy
Greenland
Japan
Institutions
Ford Foundation
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