Article ID: CBB803947711

Expanding the Social Status of “Corpse” to the Severely Comatose: Henry Beecher and the Harvard Brain Death Committee (2022)

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This essay examines the development of the seminal report, “A Definition of Irreversible Coma,” by the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death in 1968. Detailed examination of original documents archived in the Henry K. Beecher Papers at Harvard’s Countway Library reveals a variety of concerns and values at play in the development of the report, along with disagreement on a few key points among Committee members. One important goal of the Committee was to render treatment removal from patients in severe coma mandatory—not merely permissible—and without need for permission or consultation with the patient’s family. Protecting and supporting organ transplantation also played a significant role in the Committee’s writings and deliberations. Multiple concepts of death and justifications for brain death can be found, most of them inconsistent with each other and offered without a clear rationale. The essay emphasizes what is perhaps the most important aspect of this period in history: this is the moment when, without clear physiologic justification, the social and legal status of “corpse” became compulsorily applied to living human bodies.

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Authors & Contributors
De Ceglia, Francesco Paolo
Miller, Franklin G.
Lucia De Frenza
Ferragud, Carmel
Kind, Luciana
Lederer, Susan Eyrich
Journals
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Medicina Historica
Publishers
Brill
Cornell University Press
Manchester University Press
University of Southampton (United Kingdom)
University of Texas Medical Branch Graduate School of Biomedical Science
Concepts
Death
Medicine
Medicine and law
Forensic medicine
Anatomy
Philosophy of medicine
People
Beecher, Henry Knowles
Avicenna
Hitchens, Christopher
Hume, David
Time Periods
20th century, late
Medieval
21st century
18th century
Renaissance
Early modern
Places
Europe
France
Italy
Great Britain
Spain
Bologna (Italy)
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