Article ID: CBB802316426

Contextualising the “American race” in the Atlantic: The case of Carl von Martius and his German and Iberian sources (2019)

unapi

This paper addresses the place of the Bavarian scholar Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius (1794–1868) within the complex process of development of a ‘natural history of man’ in the nineteenth century. Martius’ understanding of natural history primarily focused on the notion of ‘American race’, i.e. one of the four or five races described by J.F. Blumenbach and C. Linnaeus. In this paper, I elucidate the geopolitical and intellectual coordinates which circumscribed Martius’ thought. I call the attention to the influence of the so-called German ‘Romantic science,’ as well as to Iberian sources which played a crucial role in Martius’ construction of the notion of the ‘American man.’ Martius’ travel narratives created grounds for a transatlantic natural history, in which the unit of analysis is the South Atlantic Ocean and involves a complex and archaic consortium of monarchs. This geopolitical alignment was circumscribed by religious, economic, and scientific ties which connected several nation-states and empires, including Austria, Bavaria, Brazil and Portugal.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB802316426/

Similar Citations

Article Bruce Buchan; Linda Andersson Burnett; (2019)
Knowing Savagery: Australia and the Anatomy of Race (/isis/citation/CBB782278086/) unapi

Book Dewey W. Hall; (2014)
Romantic Naturalists, Early Environmentalists: An Ecocritical Study, 1789-1912 (/isis/citation/CBB063703915/) unapi

Book Kenyon-Jones, Christine; (2001)
Kindred brutes: Animals in Romantic--period writing (/isis/citation/CBB000100015/) unapi

Article Guimarães, Leandro Belinaso; (2010)
Euclides da Cunha na Amazônia: descontinuidades históricas nos modos de ver e narrar a floresta (/isis/citation/CBB001420469/) unapi

Article Sandra Rebok; (2014)
Transatlantic Views of Nature (/isis/citation/CBB308406816/) unapi

Book Fabian, Ann; (2010)
The Skull Collectors: Race, Science, and America's Unburied Dead (/isis/citation/CBB001033349/) unapi

Book Jon Røyne Kyllingstad; (2014)
Measuring the Master Race: Physical Anthropology in Norway 1890-1945 (/isis/citation/CBB305728899/) unapi

Article Ricardo Ventura Santos; Bronwen Douglas; (2020)
‘Polynesians’ in the Brazilian Hinterland? Sociohistorical Perspectives on Skulls, Genomics, Identity, and Nationhood (/isis/citation/CBB945326302/) unapi

Article Facos, Michelle; (2010)
Richard Bergh: Natural Science and National Art in Sweden (/isis/citation/CBB001031063/) unapi

Book Alan Bewell; (2016)
Natures in Translation: Romanticism and Colonial Natural History (/isis/citation/CBB471048965/) unapi

Article Paige Madison; (2020)
Characterized by Darkness: Reconsidering the Origins of the Brutish Neanderthal (/isis/citation/CBB746767437/) unapi

Article Sánchez Arteaga, Juan Manuel; (2009)
Las ciencias y las razas en Brasil hacia 1900 (/isis/citation/CBB001020970/) unapi

Book Jackson, John P., Jr.; Weidman, Nadine M.; (2004)
Race, Racism, and Science: Social Impact and Interaction (/isis/citation/CBB000650561/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Kenyon-Jones, Christine
Jackson, John P., Jr.
Weidman, Nadine M.
Sánchez Arteaga, Juan Manuel
Schweizer, Stefan
Facos, Michelle
Journals
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
History of the Human Sciences
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Interdisciplinary Science Reviews
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences
Natura Alpina, Rivista della Società di Scienze Naturali del Trentino
Publishers
Ashgatge
ABC-CLIO
Schöningh
University of Chicago Press
Gondolat Verlag
Ashgate
Concepts
Science and race
Physical anthropology
Natural history
Romanticism
Racism
Science and literature
People
Martius, Karl Friedrich Philipp von
Bergh, Richard
Morton, Samuel George
Rugendas, Johann Moritz
Cunha, Euclides da
Boule, Pierre Marcellin
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
20th century
Enlightenment
Places
Brazil
United States
Germany
Europe
Great Britain
Sweden
Institutions
University of Edinburgh
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment