Article ID: CBB792869780

Blood Purity and Scientific Independence: Blood Science and Postcolonial Struggles in Korea, 1926–1975 (2019)


After World War II, blood groups became a symbol of anti-racial science. This paper aims to shed new light on the post-WWII history of blood groups and race, illuminating the postcolonial revitalization of racial serology in South Korea. In the prewar period, Japanese serologists developed a serological anthropology of Koreans in tandem with Japanese colonialism. The pioneering Korean hematologist Yi Samyŏl (1926–2015), inspired by decolonization movements during the 1960s, excavated and appropriated colonial serological anthropology to prove Koreans as biologically independent from the Japanese. However, his racial serology of Koreans shared colonial racism with Japanese anthropology, despite his anti-colonial nationalism.

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Authors & Contributors
Bangham, Jenny
Hyun, Jaehwan
Bonmassar, Michele
Street, Alice
Burton, Elise K.
Keck, Frédéric
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Pharmacy in History
NTM: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
Korean Journal of Medical History
Intellectual History Review
Duke University Press
University of California, San Diego
University of Chicago Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Liverpool University Press
Science and race
Public health
Medicine and society
Vattel, Emer de
Choe Ung-sok
Schatzberg, Eric M.
Pufendorf, Samuel von
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, late
19th century
21st century
South Korea
Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946)
World Health Organization (WHO)

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