Article ID: CBB756641010

'Als der algoriſmus ſpricht…' – Indisch‐arabische Zahlen und der Algorismus in der Geometria Culmensis ('When the algoriſmus talks...' - Indo-Arabic Numbers and the Algorism in the Geometria Culmensis) (2021)

unapi

The Geometria Culmensis was written around 1400 and is one of the first known mathematical treatises in German. A textbook on land surveying, it not only uses the Hindu‐Arabic numerals throughout the text but also frequently refers to the most influential treatise on these new numbers, the Algorism. Roughly a hundred years before the first German arithmetic books, the Geometria Culmensis tries to educate laymen on the techniques found in the Algorism. This leads to some pertinent questions: How early did the Hindu‐Arabic numerals spread through the vernacular milieu in German‐speaking countries? How important was a mathematical education outside of a scholarly environment (the text refers to the necessity of teaching laymen how to measure and calculate correctly)? What does this early German mathematical language look like, knowing that the author of the Geometria Culmensis had no template from which to copy?

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Authors & Contributors
Erling Haagensen
Marco Andreatta
Thomas Freudenhammer
Allen, Valerie
Gunthild Peters
Niels C. Lind
Journals
Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes. Journal of medieval and humanistic studies
Synthese
Sudhoffs Archiv: Zeitschrift fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies
Publishers
Springer
Les Belles Lettres
Kyoritsushuppan
Il Mulino
Franz Steiner Verlag
Brepols Publishers
Concepts
Measurement
Geometry
Mathematics
Diffusion of innovation; diffusion of knowledge; diffusion of technology
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Astronomy
People
Archimedes
Euclid
Immanuel ben Jacob Bonfils
Zarlino, Gioseffo
Sylvester II, Pope
Newton, Isaac
Time Periods
Medieval
14th century
Ancient
16th century
15th century
17th century
Places
Europe
Italy
Greece
Germany
Middle and Near East
Nuremberg (Germany)
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