Article ID: CBB752037663

L’eugenetica nella storia della psicologia (2019)

unapi

Eugenics, a nineteenth-century invention of Francis Galton (1822–1911), has been a fundamental and controversial chapter in the history of science that has engaged many scholars and influenced the course of the twentieth century. It is mainly historians of science who have addressed the subject. Despite many articles and books on one or more aspects of the history of eugenics, this area still remains marginal in many important textbooks on the history of psychology and personality psychology; in some historical essays, it is not covered at all. Conversely, in more recent books on the critical history of psychology, eugenics is mainly addressed as one of the sources of racism in American psychology. This article seeks to show that eugenics has been a fundamental chapter in the history of contemporary psychology with its roots in Anglo-Saxon psychometrics. Its influence has been decisive over the biography of many founders of scientific psychology, as also over the psychology of intelligence and personality. Lastly, an analysis is given of the possible reasons for the marginality of eugenics within the history of psychology.

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Authors & Contributors
Fancher, Raymond E.
Winston, Andrew S.
Buss, Allan R.
Waller, John C.
Sternberg, Robert J.
Gray, Richard T.
Journals
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Science, and Technology
Vesalius
British Journal for the History of Science
History of Science
Publishers
American Psychological Association
Wayne State University Press
Bloomsbury
Oxford University Press
Routledge
John Wiley & Sons
Concepts
Eugenics
Psychology
Science and race
Genetics
Science and literature
Intelligence tests
People
Galton, Francis
Binet, Alfred
Freud, Sigmund
Brentano, Franz Clemens
Lewin, Kurt
Lavater, Johann Caspar
Places
Great Britain
United States
England
Germany
South Africa
Russia
Times
19th century
20th century
18th century
20th century, early
Ancient
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