Article ID: CBB750962888

Il concetto di infinito nel contest del ‘Rinascimento scientifico’ (2018)

unapi

If one is to understand the so-called “scientific revolution,” one must also consider the temporal and thematic period of the 17th century and go beyond the commonplace that the Renaissance ended at the end of the 16th century. In particular, one must consider the historical period between the year in which the work De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (1543) by Niccolò Copernico appeared, then followed by Galileo Galilei’s book Il Saggiatore (1623), ending with the year in which Isaac Newton’s Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica (1687) was published. Thus, if compared to the conventional period of Humanism, the 17th century could be considered the “golden age” of the “scientific Renaissance.” Within this new context for the scientific and cultural “renaissance,” what becomes crucial is the evolution of the keyword “infinite” that includes and juxtaposes both the sphere of philosophy and that of science. Notably, what took shape was the distinction between “actual infinite” and “potential infinite,” which was then to be adequately defined in contemporary mathematics by Frege, Cantor and Russell and, more in general, by set theory.

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Authors & Contributors
Gontier, Thierry
Dear, Peter Robert
Spolsky, Ellen
Gatti, Hilary
Adorno, Francesco
Caye, Pierre
Journals
Bruniana & Campanelliana: Ricerche Filosofiche e Materiali Storico-testuali
European Legacy
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Azimuth
Publishers
Princeton University Press
Ashgate Publishing
Ashgate
Peeters
Getsuyosha
Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura
Concepts
Philosophy
Natural philosophy
Science and religion
Development of science; change in science
Astronomy
Cosmology
People
Bruno, Giordano
Dee, John
Descartes, René
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Plutarch
Kepler, Johannes
Time Periods
17th century
16th century
Renaissance
15th century
Early modern
18th century
Places
Europe
Italy
England
Florence (Italy)
Toulouse (France)
France
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