Chapter ID: CBB746679269

The Crossroads of Hellenistic and Sanskrit Science (2016)

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Here we examine the parallels in the philosophical thought of Greek and Indian civilizations, especially regarding physics and mathematics (namely the Pythagorean theorem and the use of a gnōmōn to determine the East-West axis). We then explore the documented interactions of Alexander and his philosopher traveling companions with the Gymnosophists of India. Finally we discuss the Yavana Jātaka of Sphujidhvaja, an astrological text produced from the synthesis of Greek and Indian astronomies.

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Authors & Contributors
Pingree, David Edwin
Plofker, Kim L.
Kusuba, Takanori
Keller, Agathe
Delire, Jean Michel
Sarma, Sreeramula Rajeswara
Journals
Historia Mathematica
Sciamvs: Sources and Commentaries in Exact Sciences
Indian Journal of History of Science
Tarikh-e Elm (The Iranian Journal for the History of Science)
Indian Journal of the History of Science
Publishers
Brill
Cambridge University Press
Edizioni Cadmo
Peter Lang
Concepts
Mathematics
India, civilization and culture
Astronomy
Sanskrit
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
People
Tūsī, Naṣīr al-Dīn Muẖammad ibn Muẖammad
Bhaskara I
Sphujidhvaja
Pingree, David
Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan
Ptolemy
Time Periods
Ancient
Medieval
Prehistory
14th century
Renaissance
Early modern
Places
Hellenistic world
Mediterranean region
India
Alexandria (Egypt)
Egypt
Europe
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