Article ID: CBB744815695

Where exactly did A.S. Eddington observe the total solar eclipse of 29 May 1919? (Onde, exactamente, A.S. Eddington observou o eclipse solar de 29 de Maio de 1919?) (2020)

unapi

The team led by astronomer A.S. Eddington observed the total solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 from Sundy Plantation situated on the African island of Príncipe. Together with observations made in Brazil by the other British team, these results proved the light-ending prediction put forward by Albert Einstein. Over the past 100 years, during a long period of inattention, plaques were erected at Sundy Plantation at different times and at various locations to commemorate this important scientific event. With one exception, the locations of these plaques varied, mainly as a result of logistical constraints, rather than historical research. At the centenary celebrations of the 1919 eclipse organized by Eddington at Sundy: 100 Years Later, the exact site where the observations took place was identified. As a result of interdisciplinary teamwork involving experts in history of science, mathematics, architecture and anthropology, members of the local community and a Santomean artist, the exact location of the observations has now been artistically sign-posted. This research paper discusses the convoluted process that led to this identification. Furthermore, it argues that besides the intrinsic value of interdisciplinary research, this identification empowered local communities by enhancing their collective memory of a ground-breaking scientific event that is indelibly tied to their past, while boosting their development through scientific education and communication.

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Authors & Contributors
Sastre Juan, Jaume
Nick Dorzweiler
Pizzato, Fedra A.
Sara Spike
Jennifer Bowen
Paul Tyson
Journals
Science and Education
History of Science
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Scientia Canadensis: Journal of the History of Canadian Science, Technology, and Medicine
Public Understanding of Science
Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza
Publishers
Pavia University Press
The MIT Press
Routledge
Princeton University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Ohio University Press
Concepts
Science and society
Public understanding of science
Popularization
Communication of scientific ideas
Interdisciplinary approach to knowledge
Science and politics
People
Eddington, Arthur Stanley
Dyson, Frank Watson
Laby, Thomas Howell
Einstein, Albert
Cohen, Chapman
Time Periods
20th century, early
19th century
21st century
20th century, late
Places
Germany
Great Britain
Africa
São Tomé and Príncipe
Barcelona (Spain)
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Institutions
British Association for the Advancement of Science
Academia Brasileira de Ciencias
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