Article ID: CBB741692479

Kant and Experimental Philosophy (2017)

unapi

While Kant introduces his critical philosophy in continuity with the experimental tradition begun by Francis Bacon, it is widely accepted that his Copernican revolution places experimental physics outside the bounds of science. Yet scholars have recently contested this view. They argue that in Critique of the Power of Judgment Kant’s engagement with the growing influence of vitalism in the 1780s leads to an account of nature’s formative power that returns experimental physics within scientific parameters. Several critics are sceptical of this revised reading. They argue that Kant’s third Critique serves precisely to deflate the epistemological status of experimental physics, thereby protecting science from the threat of vitalism. In this paper I examine Kant’s account of science in the context of the experimental tradition of philosophy, particularly in relation to the generation dilemma of the eighteenth century. I argue that Kant does not deflate the epistemological status of experimental physics but rather introduces systematicity to the experimental tradition. By identifying the reflective use of reason to organize laws of experience into a systematic whole, Kant aims to ground experimental inquiry on the secure course of a science, opening a conception of science as a research programme.

...More
Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB741692479/

Similar Citations

Book Waxman, Wayne; (2014)
Kant's Anatomy of the Intelligent Mind (/isis/citation/CBB001421736/)

Essay Review Shank, J. B.; (2005)
The Sciences in Old Regime France: A Review of Recent Scholarship (/isis/citation/CBB001566453/)

Thesis Bohang Chen; (2016)
The Death of Early Twentieth Century Vitalism (/isis/citation/CBB492473044/)

Article Sergio H. Orozco-Echeverri; Sebastián Molina-Betancur; (2019)
José Celestino Mutis’ Appropriation of Newton’s Experimental Physics in New Granada (1761–1808) (/isis/citation/CBB742917643/)

Book Parsons, Keith M.; (2014)
It Started with Copernicus: Vital Questions about Science (/isis/citation/CBB001510107/)

Chapter Park, Katharine; (2010)
Observation in the Margins, 500--1500 (/isis/citation/CBB001221447/)

Chapter Pomata, Gianna; (2010)
Observation Rising: Birth of an Epistemic Genre, 1500--1650 (/isis/citation/CBB001221448/)

Article Cohen, Alix A.; (2008)
Kantian Philosophy and the Human Sciences (/isis/citation/CBB000931150/)

Book Catherine Wilson; (2022)
Kant and the Naturalistic Turn of 18th Century Philosophy (/isis/citation/CBB775333088/)

Article Frierson, Patrick; (2008)
Empirical Psychology, Common Sense, and Kant's Empirical Markers for Moral Responsibility (/isis/citation/CBB000931152/)

Chapter Daston, Lorraine; (2010)
The Empire of Observation, 1600--1800 (/isis/citation/CBB001221449/)

Article Bednarczyk, A.; (2006)
Alexander von Humboldt and General Methods of Scientific Cognition (/isis/citation/CBB000931648/)

Thesis Porter, Dahlia; (2007)
“Knowledge Broken”: Empiricist Method and the Forms of Romanticism (/isis/citation/CBB001561366/)

Article Hess, Volker; Mendelsohn, J. Andrew; (2014)
Sauvages’ Paperwork: How Disease Classification Arose from Scholarly Note-Taking (/isis/citation/CBB001202410/)

Authors & Contributors
Shaw, Jamie
Orozco-Echeverri, Sergio H.
Molina-Betancur, Sebastián
Beisbart, Claus
Williams, Jessica J.
Pecere, Paolo
Journals
HOPOS
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Science in Context
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
History of Science
Publishers
Oxford University Press
University of Notre Dame
Prometheus Books
University of Pennsylvania
Concepts
Empiricism
Methodology of science; scientific method
Epistemology
Philosophy of science
Senses and sensation; perception
Philosophy
People
Kant, Immanuel
Humboldt, Alexander von
Bacon, Francis, 1st Baron Verulam
Haller, Albrecht von
Popper, Karl Raimund
Mutis, José Celestino
Time Periods
18th century
19th century
Enlightenment
Early modern
Renaissance
Medieval
Places
New Granada (Spanish colony)
France
Institutions
Université de Montpellier
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment