Article ID: CBB741220720

Community Energy Projects in the Caribbean: Advancing Socio-Economic Development and Energy Transitions (September 2019)


Efrain O'Neill-Carrill (Author)
Emmanuel Mercado (Author)
Oscar Luhring (Author)
Isaac Jordan (Author)
Agustin Irizarry-Rivera (Author)

IEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Volume: 38
Issue: 3
Pages: 44-55

Publication Date: September 2019
Edition Details: Special issue on ISTAS 2018: Technology, Ethics and Policy
Language: English

In 2017 Hurricanes Irma and Maria hit Puerto Rico (PR) and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and proved that the centralized power system model is vulnerable and inadequate in regions prone to natural disasters. Distributed energy resources (DERs) represent opportunities to increase the use of renewable energy while improving preparedness and resiliency in the Caribbean, and while also enabling local socio-economic activities. Social considerations related to DERs include those related to transforming users from passive consumers to active energy actors. To develop recommendations to improve community-based DER initiatives in support of sustainability and resiliency, the authors employed interactions and work from engineering and social science students, as well as meetings with community leaders. Emphasizing a sense of community, social capital, and empowerment were identified as essential aspects for the success of a community-based project. A framework that emphasizes human behavior within the environment (natural and social) was suggested to guide community DER efforts, both within the community and also to deal with external factors such as government policies and social misconceptions. Although this article focuses on Puerto Rico as a test case, the recommendations are applicable to other tropical regions, as well as other isolated areas with weak electric power systems. [Peer reviewed]

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Article Jeremy Pitt; Katina Michael; Terri Bookman (September 2019) ISTAS 2018: Technology, Ethics, and Policy [Special Issue Introduction]. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine (pp. 21-23). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Hirsh, Richard F.
Sugiman, Toshio
Teräväinen, Tuula
Yannick Rumpala
Gökçe Günel
Reihana Mohideen
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Public Understanding of Science
The Bridge: Journal of the National Academy of Engineering
Social Studies of Science
Comparative Technology Transfer and Society
Energy Policy
Duke University Press
MIT Press
Public policy
Energy resources and technologies
Renewable Energy Sources
Technology and government
Technoscience; science and technology studies
Technology and politics
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
Great Britain
United States
Arabian peninsula
Gulf Cooperation Council

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