Book ID: CBB732248626

Gerard P. Kuiper and the Rise of Modern Planetary Science (2019)

unapi

Sears, Derek W. G. (Author)


University of Arizona Press


Publication Date: 2019
Physical Details: 368
Language: English

Astronomer Gerard P. Kuiper ignored the traditional boundaries of his subject. Using telescopes and the laboratory, he made the solar system a familiar, intriguing place. “It is not astronomy,” complained his colleagues, and they were right. Kuiper had created a new discipline we now call planetary science. Kuiper was an acclaimed astronomer of binary stars and white dwarfs when he accidentally discovered that Titan, the massive moon of Saturn, had an atmosphere. This turned our understanding of planetary atmospheres on its head, and it set Kuiper on a path of staggering discoveries: Pluto was not a planet, planets around other stars were common, some asteroids were primary while some were just fragments of bigger asteroids, some moons were primary and some were captured asteroids or comets, the atmosphere of Mars was carbon dioxide, and there were two new moons in the sky, one orbiting Uranus and one orbiting Neptune. He produced a monumental photographic atlas of the Moon at a time when men were landing on our nearest neighbor, and he played an important part in that effort. He also created some of the world’s major observatories in Hawai‘i and Chile. However, most remarkable was that the keys to his success sprang from his wartime activities, which led him to new techniques. This would change everything. Sears shows a brilliant but at times unpopular man who attracted as much dislike as acclaim. This in-depth history includes some of the twentieth century’s most intriguing scientists, from Harold Urey to Carl Sagan, who worked with—and sometimes against—the father of modern planetary science. Now, as NASA and other space agencies explore the solar system, they take with them many of the ideas and concepts first described by Gerard P. Kuiper.

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Authors & Contributors
Van Helden, Albert
Shindell, Matthew Benjamin
Ferguson, Kitty
Fontana, Francesco
Fay, Peter
Beaumont, Sally
Journals
Journal for the History of Astronomy
Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage
Physics in Perspective
History of Science
The Chemical Educator
Science
Publishers
Walker & Company
Sally Beaumont
Springer
University of California, San Diego
Duke University Press
University of Chicago Press
Concepts
Astronomy
Solar system; planets
Telescopes
Biographies
Celestial mechanics
Observation
People
Galilei, Galileo
Herschel, William
Urey, Harold Clayton
Sagan, Carl
Brahe, Tycho
Kepler, Johannes
Time Periods
17th century
20th century
18th century
19th century
21st century
20th century, late
Places
United States
Great Britain
Denmark
Italy
Bath (England)
Iran
Institutions
Accademia del Cimento, Florence
Nuffield Radio Astronomy Laboratories, Jodrell Bank
Place
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Hubble Space Telescope
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