Article ID: CBB728034779

"Saint Fedos". A biography of Feodosy Nikolaevich Krasovsky (1878-1948) (2018)


The title of this paper was the nickname of a talented geodesist, Feodosy Nikolaevich Krasovsky (1878 – 1948) which his students awarded him for his scientific work. He transformed and to a large extent created Soviet geodesy and assisted in the development of this science abroad. Krasovsky created a school and, until his death, remained its recognized leader. Thus, he developed a harmonious programme and scheme of the main triangulation of a large country and a rigorous method of its mathematical treatment. Together with his former student, the younger great scientist Mikhail Sergeevich Molodensky (1909 – 1991), Krasovsky (just as eminent foreign scholars as well) emphasized the need for applying gravimetry in studies of the figure of the Earth. The parameters of the Krasovsky ellipsoid, a = 6 378 245m, α = (a – b)/a = 1/298.3 which Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Izotov calculated under Krasovsky’s guidance, had been the best possible for that time. During the last years of his life, Krasovsky studied the problems of physical geodesy and its connections with geophysics and geology. I have graduated from the Moscow Geodetic Institute in 1951 as an astronomer geodesist, and Victor Vasilievich Danilov, whose essay on Krasovsky I am quoting below, was the supervisor, or mentor of my diploma. During my student years, Feodosy Nikolaevich Krasovsky did not read lectures anymore, but his name had been on the lips of our instructors.

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Authors & Contributors
Young, Davis A.
Principe, Claudia
Malfatti, Jonas
Maria de Lourdes Bacha
Renato Marocchi
Wobus, Reinhard A.
Earth Sciences History: Journal of the History of the Earth Sciences Society
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Journal of Medical Biography
Geological Society of America Memoirs
British Journal for the History of Science
Éditions de l'université de Lorraine
Accademia Nazionale Virgiliana
Southern Methodist University
University of Minnesota Press
Earth sciences
Folgheraiter, Giuseppe
Dale, Thomas Nelson
Wegener, Alfred Lothar
Winchell, Newton Horace
Sikdar, Radhanath
Peirce, Charles Sanders
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
18th century
United States
Greenwich (England)
Arctic regions
Jamaica (Caribbean)
Accademia Nazionale Virgiliana
Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, Md.)
Geological Society of America
France. Bureau des Longitudes
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

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