Chapter ID: CBB720411230

A história natural no contexto do império português no Oriente, 1500‑1600 (2021)


This chapter is concerned with the role of natural history in the eastern Portuguese empire during the 16th century. It first considers the role of descriptions of nature in Portuguese travel literature promoted by the Portuguese Discoveries and shows that personal observation was, in general, important in the presentation of these reports. This feature is in accordance with the increasing role of the direct observation of nature in European natural history. Nevertheless, descriptions of nature tended to be brief and arbitrary. The chapter then examines the role of collecting information on medicinal drugs and other natural resources for the Estado da India, the Portuguese Crown and general commerce. It illustrates how practices of bioprospecting were crucial for preserving the life of the Portuguese living in the hot climate of the eastern Portuguese empire. It also emphasises the fact that the search for natural resources in India was important from the beginning of the 16th century onwards and was conducted under the close scrutiny of the Portuguese Crown and of the high officials of the empire. The resulting compilations were classified and they could be accessed only under special conditions.

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Book Sánchez, Antonio; Fontes da Costa, Palmira; Leitão, Henrique de Sousa (2021) Ciência, Tecnologia E Medicina Na Construção de Portugal. 1: Novos Horizontes (Sécs. XV a XVII). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Fontes da Costa, Palmira
MacLeod, Roy M.
Pimentel, Juan
McClellan, James E., III
Regourd, François
Sörlin, Sverker
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Cronos: Cuadernos Valencianos de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Tinta da China
Univ. Chicago Press
Honoré Champion Éditeur
A. J. Gschwend
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick
Rutgers University
Portugal, colonies
Natural history
Tropical medicine
Orta, Garcia da
Muhiddin Piri Ibn Haji Mehmet (Piri Reis)
Time Periods
16th century
17th century
18th century
15th century
Early modern
19th century
Latin America

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