Article ID: CBB708515471

The Neo-Lamarckian Tools Deployed by the Young Durkheim: 1882–1892 (2023)

unapi

I argue that the French sociologist Émile Durkheim (1858–1917) decided to constitute sociology, a novel field, as ‘scientific’ early in his career. He adopted evolutionized biology as then practiced as his principal model of science, but at first wavered between alternative repertoires of concepts, models, metaphors and analogies, in particular Spencerian Lamarckism and French neo-Lamarckism. I show how Durkheim came to fashion a particular deployment of the French neo-Lamarckian repertoire. The paper describes and analyzes this repertoire and explicates how it might have been available to a non-biologist. I analyze Durkheim’s very early writings between 1882 and 1892 in this context to substantiate my argument.

...More
Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB708515471/

Similar Citations

Article Gissis, Snait; (2002)
Late Nineteenth-Century Lamarckism and French Sociology (/isis/citation/CBB000502651/)

Chapter Gissis, Snait B.; (2011)
Lamarckism and the Constitution of Sociology (/isis/citation/CBB001500088/)

Article Loison, Laurent; (2011)
French Roots of French Neo-Lamarckisms, 1879--1985 (/isis/citation/CBB001220959/)

Article Poreau, Brice; (2011)
Commensalisme, mutualisme, parasitisme, une preuve de l'Evolution pour Etienne Rabaud? (/isis/citation/CBB001220813/)

Article Jean Gayon; Richard M. Burian; Laurent Loison; (2017)
The Contributions – and Collapse – of Lamarckian Heredity in Pasteurian Molecular Biology: 1. Lysogeny, 1900–1960 (/isis/citation/CBB496049162/)

Article Staum, Martin; (2007)
“Race” and Gender in Non-Durkheimian French Sociology, 1893--1914. (/isis/citation/CBB000930020/)

Book Johan Heilbron; (2015)
French Sociology (/isis/citation/CBB064499987/)

Book Massella, Alexandre Braga; (2010)
Durkheim: 150 anos (/isis/citation/CBB001230005/)

Chapter Strenski, Ivan; (2002)
Durkheim, Disciplinarity, and the “Sciences Religieuses (/isis/citation/CBB000770237/)

Book Richman, Michèle H.; (2002)
Sacred Revolutions: Durkheim and the Collège de Sociologie (/isis/citation/CBB000201927/)

Thesis Turner, Brian J.; (1977)
The social origins of academic sociology: Durkheim (/isis/citation/CBB001563760/)

Article Gildenhuys, Peter; (2004)
Darwin, Herschel, and the Role of Analogy in Darwin's Origin (/isis/citation/CBB000501625/)

Article Loison, Laurent; (2012)
Le projet du néolamarckisme français (1880--1910) (/isis/citation/CBB001251989/)

Article Andrew R. Atkinson; (2021)
Is Wilson’s religion Durkheim’s, or Hobbes’s Leviathan? (/isis/citation/CBB115664486/)

Authors & Contributors
Loison, Laurent
Gissis, Snait B.
Barberis, Daniela S.
Burian, Richard M.
Gayon, Jean
Gildenhuys, Peter
Journals
Journal of the History of Biology
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Canadian Journal of History
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Publishers
Vuibert
Columbia University
Argvmentvm
Cornell University Press
University of Minnesota Press
Concepts
Evolution
Sociology
Lamarckism
Biology
Metaphors; analogies
Discipline formation
People
Durkheim, Émile
Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre de Monet de
Bourdieu, Pierre
Caullery, Maurice
Comte, Auguste
Darwin, Charles Robert
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
Places
France
Great Britain
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment