Article ID: CBB708075421

Pursuing “Civic Action” in South Vietnam: South Korean Medicine and Formative Humanitarianism, 1964‒1973 (2021)

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The trope of the village has long been used to connect the South Korean and South Vietnam contexts in the area of military medicine. American experts in psychological warfare deployed Filipino, Taiwanese, and Korean medical teams to South Vietnam on the basis of coordinating Asian-Asian relations. Specifically, the Koreans had rebuilt their own health system after the Korean War (1950‒1953), and on these material grounds, American experts argued they would develop a special relationship with the Vietnamese. This paper, however, argues that Koreans had their own set of aims, a goal of using South Vietnam as a learning experience to improve their own domestic circumstances. Tracking the KOPREM (Korean Preventive Medicine) program, the paper examines how Korean medical activities on the ground differed from an idealized American narrative, one emphasizing Asian cooperation. Ultimately, the Vietnam experience aided Koreans in exporting their medical practice, along with improving domestic care.

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Authors & Contributors
Kim, Ock-Joo Cho
DiMoia, John P.
Junho Jung
Black, Jeremy
Bruchhausen, Walter
Hay, Amy M.
Journals
Korean Journal of Medical History
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine
History and Technology
Social History of Medicine
Publishers
Springer
Duke University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Presses Universitaires de Vincennes
University of Alabama Press
Brandeis University's Florence Heller Graduate School for Advanced Studies in Social Welfare
Concepts
Public health
Medicine and the military; medicine in war
Vietnam War
Cold War
Cross-national interaction
Nurses and nursing
Time Periods
20th century, late
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
Ancient
Places
Korea
Vietnam
United States
China
Japan
India
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