Book ID: CBB703301554

La erradicación y el control de las enfermedades infecciosas (2016)

unapi

La formulación de la doctrina bacteriológica en el siglo XIX y el enorme protagonismo que alcanzó redujeron prácticamente la lucha contra las enfermedades infecciosas a la búsqueda y puesta a punto de una vacuna eficaz, segura y de fácil aplicación. Desde estos presupuestos se combatió la viruela y la poliomielitis en el siglo XX con la finalidad de lograr su erradicación a nivel mundial. Así, en 1980 se consiguió para la primera enfermedad, viéndose como meta cercana para la poliomielitis en esta segunda década del siglo XXI. Las experiencias en ambos casos han puesto de relieve las grandes limitaciones de esa perspectiva reduccionista, el enorme reto que supone la erradicación de las enfermedades infecciosas y la importancia de los distintos contextos locales. Con la finalidad de ampliar la mirada y corregir ese reduccionismo, que se extiende a muchas áreas de la medicina y su práctica, esta obra aborda una reflexión sobre el control y erradicación de estas enfermedades desde ámbitos tan distintos como el de la historia de la salud pública y de la salud internacional, la antropología, la historia política y social o la epidemiología. English: The formulation of bacteriological doctrine in the nineteenth century and the enormous prominence that it achieved practically reduced the fight against infectious diseases to the search and development of an effective, safe and easily applicable vaccine. From these budgets, smallpox and polio were fought in the 20th century with the aim of achieving global eradication. Thus, in 1980 it was achieved for the first disease, seeing itself as a close goal for poliomyelitis in this second decade of the 21st century. The experiences in both cases have highlighted the great limitations of this reductionist perspective, the enormous challenge posed by the eradication of infectious diseases and the importance of different local contexts. In order to broaden the view and correct this reductionism, which extends to many areas of medicine and its practice, this work addresses a reflection on the control and eradication of these diseases from areas as different as the history of health public health and international health, anthropology, political and social history or epidemiology.

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Review Josep L Barona (2019) Review of "La erradicación y el control de las enfermedades infecciosas". Social History of Medicine (pp. 202-204). unapi

Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB703301554/

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Authors & Contributors
Hochman, Gilberto
Durbach, Nadja
Bhattacharya, Sanjoy
Dickerson, James L.
Axelsson, Per
Ballester, R.
Journals
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Medical History
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Health and History
Publishers
Duke University Press
Prometheus Books
Ohio University Press
McGill University (Canada)
McGill University
Manchester University Press
Concepts
Public health
Prevention and control of disease
Vaccines; vaccination
Infectious diseases
Smallpox
Epidemics
People
Finlay, Carlos Juan
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
18th century
Places
Brazil
England
India
United States
Spain
Great Britain
Institutions
World Health Organization (WHO)
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