Article ID: CBB701464604

De forensische wetenschap in Nederland (1800-1930): een terreinverkenning (2016)


Forensic science in the Netherlands (1800-1930): an explorationFocusing on the forensic culture of the Netherlands in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this article argues that historians of Dutch forensic medicine should go beyond institutional analyses of legal changes, and pay more attention to the practices of forensic medicine, psychiatry and criminalistics. During the nineteenth century, many doctors complained about the miserable state of Dutch forensic medicine. Several developments in the period 1910-1930, such as changes in the law that allocated more room for scientific expertise in the judicial process, played a pivotal role in the establishment of forensic science. Importantly, the field of criminalistics was designed and expanded by ‘the Dutch Sherlock Holmes’, the chemist dr. Co van Ledden Hulsebosch (1877-1952), who assisted the police in their investigation and was often called in by the courts as expert witness. He embodied a strict positivism, claiming to reveal the objective truth by studying objects and traces, the ‘silent witnesses’. At the same time, based on a study of court records, as well as journal and newspaper articles, this article shows that in practice the impact of scientific expertise in court differed. Criminalists professed other ideals of objectivity than psychiatrists and doctors.

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Authors & Contributors
Boschma, Geertje
Ruberg, Willemijn
Slijkhuis, Jessica
Oosterhuis, Harry
Stegge, G. J. Cecile aan de
Stuchtey, Benedikt
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
History of Psychiatry
Technology and Culture
Studium: Tijdschrift voor Wetenschaps- en Universiteitgeschiedenis
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Amsterdam University Press
Oxford University Press
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Cornell University Press
Mental disorders and diseases
Forensic medicine
Medicine and gender
Medicine and law
Psychiatric hospitals
Rümke, Henricus Cornelius
Bouman, Leendert
Horst, Lammert van der
Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon
Windham, William Frederick
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
21st century
Great Britain
Southeast Asia

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