Article ID: CBB682086047

Two moments in the history of Primatology: Hanno’s Periplus and Satsue Mito’s legacy (2023)


It is fascinating to consider the remarkable discoveries made in primatology over the centuries. One of the earliest recorded encounters happened twenty-five centuries ago when the Carthaginians stumbled upon what they believed were “gorillas” in today’s Senegal. It turns out that these were actually chimpanzees, but this chance encounter marked the beginning of our understanding of these incredible creatures. Fast forward to modern times, and we have learned even more about primates, including the fact that macaques have cultures that are transmitted between groups and generations through communication, rather than biological inheritance. This discovery, made by a female researcher in Japan, was the result of full-time observation and is now a cornerstone of the theory of cultural evolution. In between these discoveries, we have seen the first descriptions of orangutans, chimpanzees, and gorillas, all of which have contributed to our understanding of primates and our own evolution. It is remarkable to think that these early observations, including Hanno’s description of hairy women who threw stones to avoid capture, laid the groundwork for an entire field of study that continues to fascinate and inform us to this day.

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Article Vincent Jullien; Carmen Martínez-Adame (2023) Foreward. Almagest (pp. 6-14). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Godart, Gerard Rainier Clinton
Tousignant, Noemi
Esteban, César
Hagen, Joel B.
Kjaergaard, Peter C.
Kusiak, Pauline Marie
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Comptes Rendus Biologies
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Geographia antiqua
Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan
History of the Human Sciences
University of Chicago
Cornell University
Duke University Press
Indiana University Press
University of Hawai'i Press
Intellect Ltd
France, colonies
Darwin, Charles Robert
Goodman, Morris
Ohta, Tomoko
Simpson, George Gaylord
Wallace, Alfred Russel
Washburn, Sherwood Larned
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
21st century
18th century
20th century, late
United States
London Zoo

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