Article ID: CBB672411022

Colombian Forensic Genetics as a Form of Public Science: The Role of Race, Nation and Common Sense in the Stabilization of DNA Populations (2015)


This article examines the role that vernacular notions of racialized-regional difference play in the constitution and stabilization of DNA populations in Colombian forensic science, in what we frame as a process of public science. In public science, the imaginations of the scientific world and common-sense public knowledge are integral to the production and circulation of science itself. We explore the origins and circulation of a scientific object – ‘La Tabla’, published in Paredes et al. and used in genetic forensic identification procedures – among genetic research institutes, forensic genetics laboratories and courtrooms in Bogotá. We unveil the double life of this central object of forensic genetics. On the one hand, La Tabla enjoys an indisputable public place in the processing of forensic genetic evidence in Colombia (paternity cases, identification of bodies, etc.). On the other hand, the relations it establishes between ‘race’, geography and genetics are questioned among population geneticists in Colombia. Although forensic technicians are aware of the disputes among population geneticists, they use and endorse the relations established between genetics, ‘race’ and geography because these fit with common-sense notions of visible bodily difference and the regionalization of race in the Colombian nation.

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Authors & Contributors
Wade, Peter
Kent, Michael
Ernesto Schwartz-Marín
Goujon, Phillippe
Martinez Martin, Abel Fernando
Álvarez, Bernardo Francisco Meléndez
Social Studies of Science
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Science in Context
World Scientific
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Cambridge University Press
University of Chicago Press
Columbia University
Edward Elgar
Forensic sciences
Science and society
Crick, Francis
Darwin, Charles Robert
United States
Latin America
Bogotá (Colombia)
Great Britain
20th century
21st century
19th century
20th century, early
Human Genome Project

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