Article ID: CBB664946462

"Noxia, venenosa, superflua": animali nocivi, ottimismo metafisico e giusta disobbedienza nella "Expositio in Hexameron" di Pietro Abelardo (2015)


This contribution analyzes the considerations on harmful animals and useless plants found in Abelard’s "Expositio in Hexameron." The first part gives an overview of the passages in the Book of Genesis related to the theme under study and of Augustine’s commentary in "De Genesi ad litteram." Augustine holds that God created these animals and plants in primordial times, and offers two explanations for their existence: they serve to teach, test and punish the sinner, while they also form part of the variety of creation. Unlike Augustine, Abelard maintains that such plants and animals have always existed but they only became noxious following the fall of man. Having revolted against man, who had disobeyed God, they also serve as examples of just rebellion.

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Authors & Contributors
Teske, Roland J.
Katz, David
Rodríguez Arribas, Josefina
Mangoubi, Sandra
Gómez Aranda, Mariano
Martínez Delgado, José
American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly
Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism
MHNH (Revista Internacional de Investigación sobre Magia y Astrología Antiguas)
Latomus: Revue d'Études Latines
Mediaeval Studies
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Harvard University Press
Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies
Cornell University
Science and religion
Natural philosophy
Augustine, Saint
Guillaume de Conches
Hutchinson, John
Swedenborg, Emanuel
Abraham Ben Ezra
Isidore of Seville
Great Britain
12th century
18th century
17th century
11th century

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