Article ID: CBB662855210

Women as Mendelians and Geneticists (2015)


After the rediscovery of Mendel’s laws of heredity in 1900, the biologists who began studying heredity, variation, and evolution using the new Mendelian methodology—performing controlled hybrid crosses and statistically analyzing progeny to note the factorial basis of characters—made great progress. By 1910, the validity of Mendelism was widely recognized and the field William Bateson christened ‘genetics’ was complemented by the chromosome theory of heredity of T. H. Morgan and his group in the United States. Historians, however, have largely overlooked an important factor in the early establishment of Mendelism and genetics: the large number of women who contributed to the various research groups. This article examines the social, economic, and disciplinary context behind this new wave of women’s participation in science and describes the work of women Mendelians and geneticists employed at three leading experimental research institutes, 1900–1940. It argues that the key to more women working in science was the access to higher education and the receptivity of emerging interdisciplinary fields such as genetics to utilize the expertise of women workers, which not only advanced the discipline but also provided new opportunities for women’s employment in science.

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Article Erik L. Peterson; Kostas Kampourakis (2015) The Paradigmatic Mendel at the Sesquicentennial of “Versuche über Pflantzen-Hybriden”: Introduction to the Thematic Issue. Science and Education (pp. 1-8). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Caulkins, Tamara
Teicher, Amir
Volpone, Alessandro
Skopek, Jeffrey M.
Simunek, Michal
Schioldann, Johan
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Journal of the History of Biology
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Science Communication
Springer Nature
Ohio University Press
Indiana University Press
Cornell University Press
Centre for Sciences and Humanities of the Institute of Contemporary History of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Cambridge University Press
Mendelism; Mendelian inheritance
Science and society
Women in science
Science and gender
Bateson, William
Iltis, Hugo
Tschermak-Seysenegg, Erich von
Darwin, Charles Robert
Darbishire, Arthur Dukinfield
Curie, Marie Sklodowska
Time Periods
20th century, early
20th century
19th century
21st century
20th century, late
18th century
United States
Great Britain
Southern states (U.S.)
Norwegian Institute of Technology (Norges tekniske høgskole)
Cambridge University

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