Article ID: CBB655215457

A House at War Against Itself: Absolute Versus Pluralistic Idealism in Spinoza, Peirce, James and Royce (2015)


In this paper, I elaborate affinities between Peirce, Spinoza and Royce, in order to illuminate the division between Peirce's and James's expressions of idealism. James contrasted Spinoza's and Royce's absolute idealism with his and Peirce's pluralistic idealism. I triangulate among Peirce, Spinoza and Royce to show that, contra James's view, Peirce himself was more at home in the absolutistic camp. In Section 2, I survey Peirce's discussions of Spinoza's pragmatism and of the divide within pragmatism Peirce perceived to obtain. In Section 3, I elaborate two early twentieth-century accounts (one of them by James) of the idealistic division within pragmatism, and James's criticisms of absolute idealism in Spinoza and Royce. In Section 4, we turn our attention to Peirce's discussions of the absolute, and to the role of the absolute and the infinite in the thought of Spinoza, Royce and James. In the classification of pragmatist idealisms, I argue, James stands on one side; Peirce stands on the other with Royce and Spinoza.

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Article Robert Stern (2015) Introduction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy (pp. 601-610). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Zedler, Beatrice H.
Israel, Jonathan Irvine
James, William
Ignas K. Skrupskelis, Elizabeth M. Berkeley
Menand, Louis
Düsing, Klaus
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Revue de Synthèse
History of the Human Sciences
Intellectual History Review
Oxford University Press
University of Virginia Press
Farrar, Straus & Giroux
University of Pittsburgh Press
Idealism (philosophy)
Pragmatism; instrumentalism
James, William
Spinoza, Baruch
Peirce, Charles Sanders
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich
Kant, Immanuel
Descartes, René
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
17th century
20th century
20th century, early
United States
Great Britain

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