Article ID: CBB652353430

Building Bombs, Building a Nation: The State, Chaebŏl, and the Militarized Industrialization of South Korea, 1973–1979 (2020)


In response to US plans to withdraw troops from South Korea in the 1970s, the Park Chung Hee administration (1961–79) leveraged all defense-related civilian industries to build an independent system of weapons production. In keeping with Park's advancement of military modernization driven by strong private-sector growth, an agenda that he promoted with his banner slogan “rich nation, strong military,” large Korean companies known as chaebŏl were transformed to serve as government contractors that drove both national economic development and military modernization. A case study of one such company, Hanwha, illustrates how the state's hyper-militarization of Korean industries determined the distinct course and character of South Korea's national development. The study highlights the dynamic interplay that occurred between state actors and private-sector CEOs, managers, and laborers in shaping the chaebŏl-centered economic and defense industrialization.

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Authors & Contributors
Park, Hyung Wook
Jeon, Chihyung
Heo, Na Sil
Cho, Kyuhoon
Baxter, Colin F.
Eduardo Zachary Albrecht
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
History and Technology
Technology and Culture
Science Technology and Society
NTM: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin
Cornell University Press
Folklore Publishing
University Press of Kentucky
Oxford University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Imperial College Press
Military technology
Technology and politics
Cold War
Military–industrial complex
Technology and war; technology and the military
Technology and government
Boyd, John Richard
Nixon, Richard M.
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
South Korea
United States
Great Britain
North Korea
East Asia
Air Force Research Laboratory (Kirtland Air Force Base)
East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
United States. Department of Defense
Sandia National Laboratories (United States)
United States Air Force (USAF)

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