Article ID: CBB649388569

A tract De maximo et minimo according to Albert of Saxony (2014)


The late medieval treatment of \maxima et minima" is one of the typical elds within which the so{called Oxford calculators, especially William Heytesbury and Richard Swineshead, reached their highest degree of \subtility" using logic, philosophy of language and mathematics to discuss how the boundaries of physical powers and capacities, generally called \potencies" (potentiae) are to be determined. Their quantitative approach in dealing with these physical issues was soon picked up by the University of Paris and adopted by Jean Buridan and his circle. In particular, Nicole Oresme and Albert of Saxony dealt with maxima and minima in their respective Quaestiones to Aristotle's De caelo, where they presented an analysis of the same kinds of problems according, however, to what they called the \circumstances" (circumstantiae) within which a potency had to be considered. The following paper presents a text that has not been previously discussed in the literature, a Tractatus de maximo et minimo that is transmitted in full in only one manuscript and can be attributed to Albert of Saxony. Other manuscripts and Albert's commentary on Aristotle's De caelo are also discussed. The paper includes a critical edition of the text and a general description of its content.

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Authors & Contributors
Thijssen, J. M. M. H.
Sylla, Edith Dudley
Thijssen, Johannes M. M. H.
Schabel, Chris
Sarnowsky, Jürgen
Rommevaux, Sabine
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Vivarium: Journal for Mediaeval Philosophy and the Intellectual Life of the Middle Ages
Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale
Presses philosophiques
Cornell University Press
Natural philosophy
Motion (physical)
Buridan, Jean
Oresme, Nicole
Albert of Saxony
Swineshead, Richard
Nicholas d'Autrecourt
Time Periods
14th century
13th century
15th century
Great Britain
Université de Paris
Oxford University

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