Article ID: CBB632545212

Perception and Description of New World Non-Human Primates in the Travel Literature of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries: A Critical Review (2017)


The current work presents the results of a review of most of the European diaries and travel chronicles containing reports of New World non-human primates dating from the discovery of America in 1492 until the end of the sixteenth century. We report the integral texts translated into English of these literary sources, giving a critical interpretation from a historical and scientific point of view. We note the ways these primates were perceived and described, with attention to the most important characteristics that were highlighted by the first explorers. Ethnotaxonomy and vernacular names used to designate non-human primates are also provided. This new body of knowledge, based largely on empirical reports full of details and first-hand observations, emerged as the first nucleus in the natural history of Neotropical Primates.

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Authors & Contributors
Raudzens, George
Black, Jeremy
Starkey, Armstrong
Cahill, David
Brooks, Francis J.
Newson, Linda A.
Archives of Natural History
Medical History
Earth Sciences History: Journal of the History of the Earth Sciences Society
Environmental History
Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Hakluyt Society
Rutgers University Press
Spain, colonies
Science and art
Western world, civilization and culture
Disease and diseases
Malaspina, Alessandro
Humboldt, Alexander von
Bonpland, Aime
Time Periods
16th century
18th century
17th century
19th century
20th century
South America
Central America
North America
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)

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