Article ID: CBB632433460

A introdução da penicilina nos Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal (1944-1946) (2016)

unapi

The Portuguese Red Cross began to import of penicillin regularly following September 1944. Until June 1945, the humanitarian institution controlled the distribution of the antibiotic, subsequently, due to the increase in world production penicillin began to be imported by means of the pharmaceutical industry. We consulted and analyzed files of patients admitted to Coimbra University Hospitals between September 1944 and August 1946. These files, located in Coimbra University Archive, enabled us to collect information on the introduction of penicillin and on the first cases treated with the antibiotic at these hospitals. In the present paper, we aim to shed some light upon how penicillin was received in one of the main Portuguese central hospitals, the frequency with which it was prescribed, the most common diseases in which the antibiotic was utilized, the dosage administrated, the length of the treatment and the physicians responsible for prescribing the antibiotic.

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Authors & Contributors
Shama, Gilbert
Bud, Robert
Santesmases, María Jesús
Reinarz, Jonathan
Wainwright, Milton
Kingston, William
Journals
History and Technology
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Publishers
Oxford University Press
Ashgate
Palgrave Macmillan
Concepts
Penicillin
Antibiotics
Medicine
Hospitals and clinics
Public health
Pharmaceutical industry
People
Fleming, Alexander
Waksman, Selman Abraham
Abel, John Jacob
Carr, John
Franco, Francisco
Places
Portugal
United States
Spain
Germany
Lisbon (Portugal)
Baltimore (Maryland, U.S.)
Times
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
18th century
Institutions
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
Medical Research Council (Great Britain)
Pfizer, Inc.
St. John's University (New York)
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