Article ID: CBB632433460

A introdução da penicilina nos Hospitais da Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal (1944-1946) (2016)


The Portuguese Red Cross began to import of penicillin regularly following September 1944. Until June 1945, the humanitarian institution controlled the distribution of the antibiotic, subsequently, due to the increase in world production penicillin began to be imported by means of the pharmaceutical industry. We consulted and analyzed files of patients admitted to Coimbra University Hospitals between September 1944 and August 1946. These files, located in Coimbra University Archive, enabled us to collect information on the introduction of penicillin and on the first cases treated with the antibiotic at these hospitals. In the present paper, we aim to shed some light upon how penicillin was received in one of the main Portuguese central hospitals, the frequency with which it was prescribed, the most common diseases in which the antibiotic was utilized, the dosage administrated, the length of the treatment and the physicians responsible for prescribing the antibiotic.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book María Jesús Santesmases; (2017)
The Circulation of Penicillin in Spain: Health, Wealth and Authority (/isis/citation/CBB975290490/) unapi

Article Daemmrich, Arthur; (2009)
Synthesis by Microbes or Chemists? Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturing in the Antibiotic Era (/isis/citation/CBB000932542/) unapi

Article Gilbert Shama; (2017)
Miracle near 34th street: Wartime Penicillin Research at St John’s University, NY (/isis/citation/CBB340910009/) unapi

Book Bud, Robert; (2007)
Penicillin: Triumph and Tragedy (/isis/citation/CBB000741939/) unapi

Article Wainwright, Milton; (2002)
Fleming's Unfinished (/isis/citation/CBB000300978/) unapi

Article Connolly, Cynthia; Golden, Janet; Schneider, Benjamin; (2012)
“A Startling New Chemotherapeutic Agent”: Pediatric Infectious Disease and the Introduction of Sulfonamides at Baltimore's Sydenham Hospital (/isis/citation/CBB001250101/) unapi

Article Kingston, William; (2004)
Streptomycin, Schatz v. Waksman, and the Balance of Credit for Discovery (/isis/citation/CBB000774443/) unapi

Article Shama, Gilbert; Reinarz, Jonathan; (2002)
Allied Intelligence Reports on Wartime German Penicillin Research and Production (/isis/citation/CBB000202616/) unapi

Article Maria Marta Lobo de Araújo; (2019)
O 'retrato' do hospital da Misericórdia de Vila Viçosa (Portugal) em 1870 (/isis/citation/CBB994622829/) unapi

Book Parascandola, John; (2012)
Studies in the History of Modern Pharmacology and Drug Therapy (/isis/citation/CBB001251198/) unapi

Article Cozzoli, Daniele; (2014)
Penicillin and the European Response to Post-War American Hegemony: The Case of Leo-Penicillin (/isis/citation/CBB001451058/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Shama, Gilbert
Bud, Robert
Santesmases, María Jesús
Reinarz, Jonathan
Wainwright, Milton
Kingston, William
History and Technology
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Oxford University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
Hospitals and clinics
Public health
Pharmaceutical industry
Fleming, Alexander
Waksman, Selman Abraham
Abel, John Jacob
Carr, John
Franco, Francisco
United States
Lisbon (Portugal)
Baltimore (Maryland, U.S.)
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
18th century
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
Medical Research Council (Great Britain)
Pfizer, Inc.
St. John's University (New York)

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment