Article ID: CBB606046346

Technological entrepreneurship from patenting to commercializing: a survey of late nineteenth and early twentieth century physics lecturers (2017)


Katzir, Shaul (Author)

History and Technology
Volume: 33
Issue: 1
Pages: 109-125

Publication Date: 2017
Edition Details: Special Issue: Commercializing Science: Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Academic Scientists as Consultants, Patentees, and Entrepreneurs
Language: English

Only a few late nineteenth and early twentieth century academic physicists sought to develop, produce and market technical inventions. This paper examines a few pre-World War I scientists from the German speaking world who committed to ‘full blown entrepreneurship’ and compares them to others who invented and patented but did not pursue a business enterprise. It shows that the turn to entrepreneurship required a combination of intellectual, technical, social and individual factors. Connections between their scientific research and teaching and new technological fields related to science opened possibilities and allowed scientists to exploit their laboratory and theoretical expertise to develop devices and methods. The marketability of these inventions was a central factor in moving them to an industrial career. This turn resulted from pushes within the academia and pulls towards industry: low professional prospects and financial difficulties in the university and/or attractive offers by industrialists.

Included in

Article Joris Mercelis; Gabriel Galvez-Behar; Anna Guagnini (2017) Introduction: Commercializing science: nineteenth- and twentieth-century academic scientists as consultants, patentees, and entrepreneurs. History and Technology (pp. 4-22). unapi

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Joris Mercelis; Gabriel Galvez-Behar; Anna Guagnini; (2017)
Introduction: Commercializing science: nineteenth- and twentieth-century academic scientists as consultants, patentees, and entrepreneurs (/isis/citation/CBB198451132/)

Article Katzir, Shaul; (2013)
Scientific Practice for Technology: Hermann Aron's Development of the Storage Battery (/isis/citation/CBB001420236/)

Chapter Pieper, Christine; (2010)
Informatik---ein Beispiel für die Kommerzialisierung der deutschen Hochschulen? (/isis/citation/CBB001023287/)

Book Frye, Ellen; (2007)
Knowledge with Know-How: Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth (/isis/citation/CBB000772372/)

Chapter Emilio Chirone; (2014)
Note sulla storia del disegno di macchine (/isis/citation/CBB046114968/)

Thesis Clinton Allen Colgrove; (2020)
Schools of Empires: The Role of Higher Education and Colonization in the American West and Japan (/isis/citation/CBB533163507/)

Article Pesic, Peter; (2013)
Helmholtz, Riemann, and the Sirens: Sound, Color, and the “Problem of Space” (/isis/citation/CBB001320409/)

Chapter Gianfrancesco Biggioggero; Edoardo Rovida; (2014)
Scuole di meccanica (/isis/citation/CBB862923043/)

Book Virginio Cantoni; Vittorio Marchis; Edoardo Rovida; (2014)
Storia della Meccanica (/isis/citation/CBB405054620/)

Chapter Umberto Cugini; Giancarlo Genta; (2014)
Progettazione di macchine (/isis/citation/CBB607521051/)

Chapter Cahan, David; (2005)
Hermann von Helmholtz und die Ausgestaltung der amerikanischen Physik im Gilded Age (/isis/citation/CBB001022592/)

Article Bradbury, Savil; (2001)
Ernst Abbe's theories and his letters to English microscopists (/isis/citation/CBB000102409/)

Authors & Contributors
Rovida, Edoardo
Mercelis, Joris
Katzir, Shaul
Guagnini, Anna
Cahan, David L.
Cugini, Umberto
History and Technology
Quekett Journal of Microscopy
Physics in Perspective
History of Science
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Engineering Studies
Pavia University Press
Montana State University
University Press of New England
Franz Steiner Verlag
Universities and colleges
Science and industry
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von
Aron, Hermann
Miethe, Adolf
Riedler, Alois
Volta, Alessandro
Vogel, Hermann Wilhelm
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
21st century
Early modern
United States
Great Britain
Technische Hochschule Berlin Charlottenburg
Dartmouth University
Siemens AG
Freie Universität Berlin

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment