Article ID: CBB604058154

Socialising the Anti-Social: Psychopathy, Psychiatry and Social Engineering in Finland, 1945–1968 (2017)


This article argues that in Finland during the two decades after the Second World War, the diagnosis of psychopathy represented a failed attempt to adjust ‘difficult’ individuals to the social order. Discussing the social and medical character of the diagnosis, we examine psychopathy using the analytic and historical framework of social engineering in post-war Finland. We utilise patient records, official documents and psychiatric publications and analyse the diagnostic uses of psychopathy and its associations with social maladjustment. We also address the question of how mental health care in the less-developed northern part of Finland grappled with behavioural deviance, and especially with behaviour deemed ‘anti-social’. Contextualising psychopathy as a marker of individual disorganisation within the development of social organisation, this article contributes to historical scholarship that maps mental disorders onto the historical development of the nation.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book Ghaemi, S. Nassir; (2013)
On Depression: Drugs, Diagnosis, and Despair in the Modern World (/isis/citation/CBB001553380/)

Article Smith, Matthew; (2008)
Psychiatry Limited: Hyperactivity and the Evolution of American Psychiatry, 1957--1980 (/isis/citation/CBB000930679/)

Book Lane, Christopher; (2007)
Shyness: How Normal Behavior Became a Sickness (/isis/citation/CBB001210279/)

Book Susannah Cahalan; (2019)
The Great Pretender: The Undercover Mission That Changed Our Understanding of Madness (/isis/citation/CBB484312893/)

Article Horwitz, Allan V.; (2011)
Naming the Problem That Has No Name: Creating Targets for Standardized Drugs (/isis/citation/CBB001221532/)

Article Fridlund, Alan J.; Beck, Hall P.; Goldie, William D.; Irons, Gary; (2012)
Little Albert: A Neurologically Impaired Child (/isis/citation/CBB001211117/)

Article Santiago Stucchi-Portocarrero; (2018)
Eugenics, medicine and psychiatry in Peru (/isis/citation/CBB864800904/)

Book Nicole C. Nelson; (2018)
Model Behavior: Animal Experiments, Complexity, and the Genetics of Psychiatric Disorders (/isis/citation/CBB444510423/)

Article Morag Allan Campbell; (2017)
‘Noisy, restless and incoherent’: puerperal insanity at Dundee Lunatic Asylum (/isis/citation/CBB791023960/)

Book Chiang, Howard Hsueh-Hao; (2014)
Psychiatry and Chinese History (/isis/citation/CBB001422492/)

Article Yohan Trichet; Agnès Lacroix; (2016)
Esquirol’s change of view towards Pinel’s mania without delusion (/isis/citation/CBB799207721/)

Thesis Crouthamel, Jason; (2001)
Invisible Traumas: Psychological Wounds, World War I, and German Society, 1914--1945 (/isis/citation/CBB001562375/)

Article Jonathan Y Tsou; (2016)
Natural kinds, psychiatric classification and the history of the DSM (/isis/citation/CBB258474975/)

Article Hissei Imai; Yusuke Ogawa; Kiyohito Okumiya; Kozo Matsubayashi; (2019)
Amok: a mirror of time and people. A historical review of literature (/isis/citation/CBB352650465/)

Article Artvinli, Fatih; (2014)
More Than a Disease: The History of General Paralysis of the Insane in Turkey (/isis/citation/CBB001420779/)

Book Harris, W. V.; (2013)
Mental Disorders in the Classical World (/isis/citation/CBB001213996/)

Article Mauricio V Daker; (2019)
The theory of symptom complexes, mind and madness (/isis/citation/CBB264539507/)

Authors & Contributors
Stucchi-Portocarrero, Santiago
Matsubayashi, Kozo
Daker, Mauricio V.
Okumiya, Kiyohito
Parhi, Katariina
Campbell, Morag Allan
History of Psychiatry
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Social History of Medicine
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
History of Psychology
Yale University Press
University of Chicago Press
Pickering & Chatto
Johns Hopkins University Press
Grand Central Publishing
Mental disorders and diseases
Therapeutic practice; therapy; treatment
Philosophy of medicine
Rosenhan, David
Esquirol, Jean Étienne Dominique
Watson, John Broadus
Wagner-Jauregg, Julius von
Time Periods
20th century, late
19th century
20th century
21st century
Early modern
United States
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment