Article ID: CBB603627561

Between War and Water: Farmer, City, and State in China's Yellow River Flood of 1938–1947 (2016)

unapi

This article examines how the catastrophic Yellow River flood of 1938–1947 impacted rural communities and state-society relations in the inundated area. The flood, which occurred when China's Nationalist government deliberately breached a major Yellow River dike in a desperate attempt to use flooding to slow the advance of the Japanese Imperial Army, turned millions of Chinese farmers into refugees and killed over eight hundred thousand people. This essay explores the human and social sides of the flood through the eyes of local observers, missionaries, and the wartime Chinese media. It compares rural and urban experiences of the disaster and examines local perspectives on the efficacy of the flood relief projects organized by the Chinese government. This paper finds that while the wartime Nationalist state did not abandon the inundated area, its state-building efforts there exhausted and disillusioned flood refugees rather than integrating them more fully into the modern nation state.

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Authors & Contributors
Wang, Qianjin
Su, Hongxia
Huang, Chun Chang
Whayne, Jeannie M.
Dorofeeva-Lichtmann, Vera V.
Pietz, David Allen
Journals
Guangxi Minzu Xueyuan Xuebao
Journal of Historical Geography
Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Technology and Culture
Environment and History
Publishers
Cambridge University Press
Harvard University Press
Louisiana State University Press
Texas A&M University Press
Cornell University Press
Published for the Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West by University of California Press, Berkeley, California, Press Berkeley and the Huntington Library, San Marino, California
Concepts
Floods
Rivers
Water resource management
Nation building
East Asia, civilization and culture
Environmental history
People
Mulholland, William
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
Zhou dynasty (China, 1122-221 B.C.)
Ancient
Places
China
Yellow River (China)
United States
India
Italy
Arkansas (U.S.)
Institutions
United Nations
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