Article ID: CBB599954521

History of science and its utopian reconstructions (2020)


In recent years explicitly utopian visions have reappeared across the political spectrum. To a surprising degree these visions have drawn on histories and science and technology. What should scholars of Science and Technology Studies (STS) and History and Philosophy of Science (HPS) make of these developments? The concept of utopia has often been treated with considerable distrust in these fields, as an indication of closed end-directed blueprints, or as an indication of fantasies of limitless technological improvement and purification of categories. Alongside this uneasiness, however, HPS and STS scholars have also projected transformative ambitions, seeking to recover from the past different ways of knowing and relating to the human and non-human world. By engaging with critiques of utopia from thinkers including Karl Popper, Otto Neurath, Bruno Latour, Isabelle Stengers and Donna Haraway, and exploring some of the utopian strands which have recurred in studies of science and technology—including the longing for integration, the association of science with planning, and the ways in which feminist scholars have envisaged alternative forms of science—we can understand the ongoing, and often unrecognised, utopian dimensions of HPS and STS.

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Authors & Contributors
Vinck, Dominique
Cat, Jordi
Hegarty, Peter
Acker, Wouter Van
Kuukkanen, Jouni-Matti
Jasanoff, Sheila
Perspectives on Science
Social Studies of Science
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
History of Psychology
History and Theory
Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Science, and Technology
Lutheran School of Theology
Technoscience; science and technology studies
Science and politics
History of science, as a discipline
Science studies, theoretical works
Latour, Bruno
Haraway, Donna Jeanne
Neurath, Otto
Popper, Karl Raimund
Foucault, Michel
Douglas, Mary
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
20th century
20th century, early
Vienna Circle

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