Book ID: CBB584547173

The Medical Imagination: Literature and Health in the Early United States (2018)


Altschuler, Sari B. (Author)

University of Pennsylvania Press

Publication Date: 2018
Physical Details: 312 pp.
Language: English

In 1872, Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote, "Science does not know its debt to imagination," words that still ring true in the worlds of health and health care today. The checklists and clinical algorithms of modern medicine leave little space for imagination, and yet we depend on creativity and ingenuity for the advancement of medicine—to diagnose unusual conditions, to innovate treatment, and to make groundbreaking discoveries. We know a great deal about the empirical aspects of medicine, but we know far less about what the medical imagination is, what it does, how it works, or how we might train it. In The Medical Imagination, Sari Altschuler argues that this was not always so. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, doctors understood the imagination to be directly connected to health, intimately involved in healing, and central to medical discovery. In fact, for physicians and other health writers in the early United States, literature provided important forms for crafting, testing, and implementing theories of health. Reading and writing poetry trained judgment, cultivated inventiveness, sharpened observation, and supplied evidence for medical research, while novels and short stories offered new perspectives and sites for experimenting with original medical theories.Such imaginative experimentation became most visible at moments of crisis or novelty in American medicine, such as the 1790s yellow fever epidemics, the global cholera pandemics, and the discovery of anesthesia, when conventional wisdom and standard practice failed to produce satisfying answers to pressing questions. Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, health research and practice relied on a broader complex of knowing, in which imagination often worked with and alongside observation, experience, and empirical research. In reframing the historical relationship between literature and health, The Medical Imagination provides a usable past for contemporary conversations about the role of the imagination—and the humanities more broadly—in health research and practice today.

Reviewed By

Review Stephen Rachman (2019) Review of "The Medical Imagination: Literature and Health in the Early United States". Bulletin of the History of Medicine (pp. 122-124). unapi

Review Stephanie P. Browner (2019) Review of "The Medical Imagination: Literature and Health in the Early United States". Journal of American History (pp. 169-170). unapi

Review Lisa Kerr Dunn (2019) Review of "The Medical Imagination: Literature and Health in the Early United States". Social History of Medicine (pp. 191-193). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
McAllister, David
Lau, Travis Chi Wing
Patrick J. Collison
McAdams, Ruth M.
Konerman-Sease, Jaime
Chanoff, David
Nineteenth-Century Studies
Journal of World History
Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century
Johns Hopkins University Press
New York, City University of
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Saint Louis University
Yale University Press
Vanderbilt University Press
Health care
Medicine and literature
Medicine and society
Public health
Austen, Jane
Snow, John
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century
20th century, early
21st century
17th century
United States
Northern Europe
London (England)
Central America
Association of Minority Health Professions Schools (AMHPS)

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