Book ID: CBB584026958

Lavoisier e Parthenope. Contributo ad una storia della chimica nel Regno di Napoli (2017)

unapi

Guerra, Corinna (Author)


Società Napoletana di Storia Patria


Publication Date: 2017
Physical Details: 394 pp.
Language: Italian

The French Revolution inexorably marked the year 1789 as a turning point in European history, but it wasn’t the only revolution that year that began in France and went on to shake the world. The Chemical Revolution, led by Antoine Lavoisier, dramatically reorganized the discipline of chemistry with new methodological premises and new discoveries. Like all revolutionary movements, the nouvelle chimie was not accepted or acted upon in the same ways or at the same times by communities of scholars as it swept across Europe. The enormity of its impact on chemists in the Kingdom of Naples was no exception. The largest kingdom in Italy at the time, and the site of Parthenope, the third largest city in Europe, with a name that linked it to the myth of the sirens, Naples already had a long tradition of research and publication. The author, examining the printed and manuscript texts derived from the work of a diverse set of scholars in the fields of pneumatic, volcanological and medical-pharmaceutical chemistry, gives us a compelling and deeply researched portrait of the Neapolitan chemists who confronted the new theory in their efforts to adopt or refute it. The result is a lively recounting of the scientific life of Parthenope in the second half of the 18th century. The author illuminates the chaotic tangle of personalities who carried out experiments guided by these new principles, who struggled with issues of chemical analysis and who taught the new discipline. She ably demonstrates how the peculiar geochemical properties of the area, dominated by Mount Vesuvius, and the political turmoil of the day, such as the Neapolitan Revolution of 1799, conditioned the history of chemistry in the kingdom. In September 2017, the book received financing from the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage for publications of significant cultural interest.

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Authors & Contributors
Beretta, Marco
Antonelli, Francesca
Crosland, Maurice P.
Djerassi, Carl
Hoffmann, Roald
Kawashima, Keiko
Journals
British Journal for the History of Science
Nagoya Kogyo Daigaku gakuho
Revue d'Histoire de la Pharmacie
Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza
Circumscribere: International Journal for the History of Science
The Chemical Educator
Publishers
Wiley-VCH
Vuibert
Suhrkamp
Ashgate
Yale University
Viella
Concepts
Chemistry
Phlogiston
Science and gender
Laboratory notebooks
Correspondence and corresponding
Science and society
People
Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent
Lavoisier, Marie-Anne Paulze
Berthollet, Claude Louis
Priestley, Joseph
Guyton de Morveau, Louis Bernard
Wurtz, Charles Adolphe
Time Periods
18th century
19th century
17th century
Early modern
Enlightenment
Places
France
Italy
Naples (Italy)
England
Scotland
United States
Institutions
Du Pont Company
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