Article ID: CBB581263468

Marco Polo’s Java and Locach on Mercator’s world maps of 1538 and 1569, and globe of 1541 (2017)


The descriptions of Locach, Java Major and Java Minor by Marco Polo and Ludovico di Varthema were drawn upon by Gerard Mercator in constructing his world maps of 1538 and 1569, and globe of 1541. His depiction of these lands in 1538 was influenced by the 1531 and 1536 world maps of Oronce Fine. Fine’s maps also influenced contemporary Breton and Norman cartographers in their depiction of these lands on their series of world maps, 1546 to 1583. The Regio Patalis, a promontory of the Terra Australis on Fine’s maps, became Beach on Mercator’s 1541 globe, and 1ocach/Beach on his 1569 world map. The Breton, Guillaume Brouscon, also identified this promontory of the Terra Australis as Locach on his world map of 1543, while the Dieppe Norman cartographers identified it with Java la Grande. Dirk Hartog’s discovery of Eendracht Land in 1616 was initially incorporated into Mercator’s model, and identified with Beach.

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Authors & Contributors
Milanesi, Marica
Krogt, Peter C. J. van der
Hans Heinrich Blotevogel
Niedźwiedź, Jakub
Zuber, Mike A.
Vermij, Rienk H.
Imago Mundi: A Review of Early Cartography
Terrae Incognitae
Geographia antiqua
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Cartographica Helvetica
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences
Weidenfeld & Nicolson
Walker & Company
Institut Océanographique
Maps; atlases
Mercator, Gerardus
Sgrooten, Christian (1532-1608)
Strubicz, Maciej
Polo, Marco
Nunes, Pedro
Time Periods
16th century
17th century

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