Chapter ID: CBB580820220

The Seventh Solvay Conference: Nuclear Physics, Intellectual Migration, and Institutional Influence (2016)


I discuss the founding of the Solvay Conferences in Physics by Ernest Solvay in Brussels in 1911 and then turn to the seventh Solvay Conference in October 1933. I show how it lay at the crossroads in the history of experimental and theoretical nuclear physics when new experimental techniques and instruments were being developed and new theoretical ideas and concepts were being generated, all of which were diffused to physicists in many countries of the world, some of whom were part of the greatest intellectual migration in the twentieth century, if not in history. I conclude by indicating the great influence that the Solvay Conferences exerted as a model for other conferences in physics and in the history and philosophy of physics.

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Authors & Contributors
Tiggelen, Brigitte van
Lykknes, Annette
Master, Sharad
Orens, Jeffrey
Fukushima, N.
Potters, Jan
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Physis: Rivista Internazionale di Storia della Scienza
Physics in Perspective
Noesis: Travaux du Comité Roumain d'Histoire et de Philosophie des Sciences
Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science
Journal of Social History
Cambridge University Press
Pegasus Books
Scientific collaboration
Scientific communities; interprofessional relations
Congresses, conferences, and meetings
Quantum mechanics
Einstein, Albert
Toit, Alexander du
Neumann, Günther
Guye, Charles-Eugène
Bucherer, Alfred
Stockley, Gordon Murray
Time Periods
20th century, early
20th century
19th century
20th century, late
Brussels (Belgium)
Turin (Italy)
Tanzania (Tanganyika, Zanzibar)
Leipzig (Germany)
Solvay Conferences
Manila Observatory (Philippines)
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
American Geophysical Union
International Solvay Institutes for Physics and Chemistry (Brussels)
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)

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