Book ID: CBB577039633

Storia della malaria in Italia. Scienza, ecologia, società (2022)

unapi

Corbellini, Gilberto (Author)


Carocci Editore


Publication Date: 2022
Physical Details: 344 pp.
Language: Italian

La malaria è stata probabilmente la principale causa infettiva di morte nell’evoluzione umana. In Italia è stata una presenza stabile dal II secolo a.C. e, salvo i casi importati, ha smesso di uccidere nel 1948. Il libro ricostruisce le sfide che la malattia ha rappresentato in diverse fasi storiche, ne descrive le caratteristiche ecologiche, illustra come i malariologi – in particolare italiani e tra questi Mario Coluzzi – abbiano cooperato alla spiegazione biologica e alla soluzione pratica dei problemi sanitari e chiarisce perché le misure di controllo e l’organizzazione politico-istituzionale della ricerca e delle campagne antimalariche sono state efficaci in Italia ma non in Africa subsahariana. Il volume racconta inoltre la vicenda storica della malarioterapia – cioè l’uso dei parassiti malarici per tentare di curare la neurosifilide e le sperimentazioni sulla malaria umana praticate in tale contesto –, il contributo italiano alla scoperta di come una malattia ereditaria del sangue protegga dalla malaria e alcuni discutibili progetti internazionali volti non alla cura ma all’immunizzazione della popolazione nelle aree in cui la malaria era endemica, attuati fra le due guerre mondiali. [Abstract translated by Google Translate: This is the abstract in English… Malaria was probably the leading infectious cause of death in human evolution. In Italy it has been a stable presence since the 2nd century BC. and, with the exception of imported cases, this disease stopped killing in 1948. The book reconstructs the challenges that the disease represented in different historical phases, describes its ecological characteristics, illustrates how malariologists - in particular Italians and among them Mario Coluzzi - have cooperated in the biological explanation and practical solution of health problems and clarifies why the control measures and the political-institutional organization of research and anti-malarial campaigns have been effective in Italy but not in sub-Saharan Africa. The volume also tells the historical story of malaria therapy - that is the use of malarial parasites to try to cure neurosyphilis and the experiments on human malaria carried out in this context -, the Italian contribution to the discovery of how a hereditary blood disease protects against malaria and some questionable international projects aimed not at curing but at immunizing the population in areas where malaria was endemic, implemented between the two world wars.]

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Authors & Contributors
Jones, M.
Sallares, Robert
Snodgrass, Mary Ellen
Werner, Georges H.
García Ferrandis, Xavier
Little, Lester K.
Journals
Social History of Medicine
Medicina nei Secoli - Arte e Scienza
Revue d'Histoire de la Pharmacie
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Past and Present
Medical History
Publishers
Oxford University Press
McFarland
University of California, San Diego
Central European University Press
Springer International Publishing
Hong Kong University Press
Concepts
Epidemics
Public health
Disease and diseases
Epidemiology
Malaria
Medicine
People
Winthrop, John
Finlay, Carlos Juan
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
17th century
Ancient
Places
Italy
Japan
Sri Lanka
Rome
Spain
Valencia (Spain)
Institutions
World Health Organization (WHO)
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