Article ID: CBB573887033

Three Tables for the Daily Positions of the Moon in a Fifteenth-Century Hebrew Manuscript (2015)

unapi

We present an analysis of three related tables, uniquely extant in Vatican, MS Heb. 384, for finding daily lunar positions in periods of 11,325 days (about 31 years), before and after January 1, 1400. This lunar period seems to have been unknown prior to the fourteenth century, when it appears in both Hebrew and Arabic astronomical texts from Spain and the Maghrib. Judging from the structure of these anonymous tables and the worked example, it is clear that the compiler intended to simplify calculations by the user. But the tables as preserved in this manuscript have many gaps that make it very difficult to derive the lunar position on any given date.

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Authors & Contributors
Goldstein, Bernard R.
Freudenthal, Gad
Lévy, Tony
Elior, Ofer
Samsó, Julio
Zonta, Mauro
Journals
Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Suhayl: Journal for the History of the Exact and Natural Sciences in Islamic Civilisation
Journal for the History of Astronomy
Science in Context
Archive for History of Exact Sciences
Publishers
Springer
SISMEL edizioni del Galluzzo
Harvard University Press
Aracne
Brill
Concepts
Hebrew language
Arabic language
Translations
Astronomy
Mathematics
Tables; catalogs; lists
People
Aristotle
Galen
Hunain Ibn Ishaq, Abu Zaid, Al-'Ibadi
Ibn Tibbon, Shmuel
'Ali ibn Ridwan
Euclid
Time Periods
Medieval
15th century
14th century
16th century
Early modern
Renaissance
Places
Spain
North Africa
Italy
Americas
Rome
Barcelona (Spain)
Institutions
John Rylands Univeristy Library of Manchester
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