Article ID: CBB568193532

Internalism, Externalism and Life-Cyclism in the History of Helminthology (2019)

unapi

The history of helminthology in the Early Modern Period has been characterized as a debate between two camps, the internalists and the externalists. The internalists believed that helminths are spontaneously generated within the body of the host, whereas the externalists claimed that helminths enter the host from the external environment. According to the this account, the debate between these two camps ended in the nineteenth century with the victory of the externalist viewpoint. Here, we redefine these two terms, as well as the beliefs that the two groups upheld. We suggest that internalists were not necessarily committed to the theory of spontaneous generation, nor were externalists committed to its rejection. These terms only refer to the place where helminths supposedly originate, but not to the process by which they are generated. Thus, some internalists rejected the theory of spontaneous generation, while others held externalist viewpoints and at the same time accepted this theory. We claim that the debate did not end with the victory of the externalist camp; rather, a new position which we call “life-cyclism”, emerged and incorporated some elements of the two earlier positions.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB568193532/

Similar Citations

Chapter François Duchesneau; (2019)
La controverse entre Andry et Vallisneri au sujet des vers parasites de l'homme (/isis/citation/CBB738206849/) unapi

Thesis Julie Hayden Grissom; (2014)
Parasitic Worms in Early Modern Science and Medicine, 1650-1810 (/isis/citation/CBB051702971/) unapi

Chapter Francesco Andrietti; Carlo Polidori; (2019)
Un'analisi storico-biologica delle indagini di Antonio Vallisneri e Diacinto Cestoni su vespe parassitoidi e galligene (/isis/citation/CBB541267973/) unapi

Book Michael Marshall; (2020)
The Genesis Quest: The Geniuses and Eccentrics on a Journey to Uncover the Origin of Life on Earth (/isis/citation/CBB197039817/) unapi

Book Strick, James; (2000)
Sparks of Life: Darwinism and the Victorian Debates over Spontaneous Generation (/isis/citation/CBB000111753/) unapi

Book Bastian, Henry Charlton; Strick, James; (2001)
Evolution and the Spontaneous Generation Debate. Vol 1-6 (/isis/citation/CBB000101901/) unapi

Article Russell, Nicholas; (1988)
Towards a history of biology in the 20th century: Directed autobiographies as historical sources (/isis/citation/CBB000065107/) unapi

Article Rachel Murray; (2016)
Vermicular Origins: The Creative Evolution of Samuel Beckett’s Worm (/isis/citation/CBB293292897/) unapi

Chapter Giorgio Battelli; Adriano Mantovani; Luigi Marvasi; (2008)
Corti e il suo tempo: sanità animale, ambiente e sanità pubblica (/isis/citation/CBB255703042/) unapi

Article Perru, Olivier; (2002)
Du parasitisme à la symbiose dans le règne animal (1875--1883) (/isis/citation/CBB000201167/) unapi

Article Bryant, C.; Sommerville, R. I.; (2001)
William Percy Rogers, 1914-1997 (/isis/citation/CBB000100945/) unapi

Article Perru, Olivier; (2006)
Aux origines des recherches sur la symbiose, vers 1868-1883 (/isis/citation/CBB000770990/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Spataro, Stefano
Strick, James E.
Perru, Olivier
Generali, Dario
Russell, Nicholas C.
Bryant, C.
Journals
British Journal for the History of Science
Historical Records of Australian Science
Revue des Questions Scientifiques
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Publishers
Olschki
Thoemmes
Harvard University Press
University of Oklahoma
Edizioni ETS
University of Chicago Press
Concepts
Biology
Parasitology
Parasitic diseases
Medicine
Natural philosophy
Worms
People
Vallisneri, Antonio
Rogers, William Percy
Huxley, Thomas Henry
Bastian, Henry Charlton
Geddes, Patrick
Hertwig, Oscar
Time Periods
18th century
17th century
20th century
Early modern
19th century
21st century
Places
Italy
France
Great Britain
Europe
Australia
United States
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment