Article ID: CBB566024962

Horticulture in Portugal 1850–1900: The Role of Science and Public Utility in Shaping Knowledge (2017)

unapi

In this paper, we address the emergence of horticultural practice, agents, spaces and institutions in the two urban settings of Lisbon and Porto, in Portugal, during the second half of the nineteenth century. We do so by following the networking activities of two players: the self-made horticulturist and entrepreneur José Marques Loureiro, who created, in Porto, a commercial horticultural establishment and founded the Journal of Practical Horticulture; and the agronomist Francisco Simões Margiochi, head of the gardens and green grounds department of the municipality, who created the first course on gardening and horticulture, and founded the Royal Horticultural Society, both in Lisbon. Their joint activities were aimed at establishing horticulture as an applied science and to cater simultaneously to an extended audience of citizens. They enable us to enrich the narratives on the emergence and development of horticulture in Europe by calling attention to the participation in circulatory extended networks of actors who are often absent from these accounts. Additionally, they allow a comparative assessment of the outcome of their actions at the national level, and to understand their results in terms consonant with recent historiographical trends on the co-construction of centres and peripheries.

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Authors & Contributors
Cardoso de Matos, Ana
Ferreira Da Silva, Alvaro
Saraiva, Tiago
Tjaden, W. L.
Lucas, A. M.
Dearce, M.
Journals
Archives of Natural History
Technology and Culture
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Rittenhouse: Journal of the American Scientific Instrument Enterprise
HOST: Journal of History of Science and Technology
Métropoles
Publishers
Museum of Science of the University of Lisbon
Pickering & Chatto
O Mirante
Universidade de Lisboa
Concepts
Correspondence and corresponding
Horticulture
Botany
Scientific apparatus and instruments
National histories
Laboratories
People
Hooker, Joseph Dalton
Lindley, John
Darwin, Charles Robert
Torbitt, James
Clusius, Carolus
Gosse, Philip Henry
Places
Portugal
Lisbon (Portugal)
British Isles
Australia
Great Britain
Belfast, Ireland
Times
19th century
20th century, early
16th century
20th century, late
18th century
17th century
Institutions
Royal Horticultural Society
University of Sydney
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Pulkovo Observatory
École des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris
Royal Society of London
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