Article ID: CBB562199563

C.H. Waddington’s Differences with the Creators of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis: A Tale of Two Genes (2017)

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In 2011, Peterson suggested that the main reason why C.H. Waddington was essentially ignored by the framers of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1950s was because they were Cartesian reductionists and mathematical population geneticists while he was a Whiteheadian organicist and experimental geneticist who worked with Drosophila. This paper suggests a further reason that can only be seen now. The former defined genes and their alleles by their selectable phenotypes, essentially the Mendelian view, while Waddington defined a gene through its functional role as determined by genetic analysis, a view that foresaw the modern view that a gene is a DNA sequence with some function. The former were interested in selection, while Waddington focused on variation. The differences between the two views of a gene are briefly considered in the context of systems biology.

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Authors & Contributors
Echeverria, Begona
Huneman, Philippe
Sterelny, Kim
Tabery, James G.
de Jong-Lambert, William
Wilkins, Adam S.
Journals
Journal of the History of Biology
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Biological Theory
Biology and Philosophy
History of the Human Sciences
Publishers
Icon Books
Springer
University of California, Riverside
Chronos Verlag
Oxford University Press
Concepts
Evolution
Genetics
Modern Synthesis (biology)
Controversies and disputes
Biology
Darwinism
People
Waddington, Conrad Hal
Gould, Stephen Jay
Dawkins, Richard
Hogben, Lancelot Thomas
Fisher, Ronald Aylmer
Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich
Time Periods
20th century, late
20th century, early
20th century
21st century
19th century
Places
United States
Great Britain
Ukraine
Germany
Switzerland
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