Article ID: CBB558787802

Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus (1776–1827) on Gall’s Craniognomic System, Zoology, and Comparative Anatomy (2020)


Most of what was known about Franz Joseph Gall’s (1758–1828) organology or Schädellehre prior to the 1820s came from secondary sources, including letters from correspondents, promotional materials, brief newspaper articles about his lecture-demonstrations, and editions and translations of some lengthier works of varying quality in German. Physician Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus (1776–1827) practiced in Vienna’s General Hospital in 1797–1798; attended some of Gall’s public lectures; and, in 1801–1802, became one of the first physicians to provide detailed reports on Gall’s emerging organology in French and English, respectively. Although Bojanus considered the human mind to be indivisible and did not entirely agree with Gall’s assumption that the brain consists of a number of independent organs responsible for various faculties, he provided valuable information and thoughtful commentary on Gall’s views. Furthermore, he defended Gall against the charge that his sort of thinking would lead to materialism and cautiously predicted that the new system would be fruitful for developing and stimulating important new research about the brain and mind. Bojanus became a professor of zoology in 1806 and a professor of comparative anatomy in 1814 at Vilnius University, where, among other accomplishments, he established himself as a founder of modern veterinary medicine and a pioneer of pre-Darwinian and pre-Lamarckian evolutionism.

Included in

Article Paul Eling; Stanley Finger (2020) Gall and Phrenology: New perspectives. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences (pp. 1-4). unapi

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Michael Hagner; (2020)
Georg Büchner: Anatomist of the Animal Brain and the Human Mind (/isis/citation/CBB525306925/) unapi

Book Michael Tye; (2016)
Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious? (/isis/citation/CBB386080684/) unapi

Book Paul Eling; Stanley Finger; (2021)
Gall, Spurzheim, and the Phrenological Movement: Insights and Perspectives (/isis/citation/CBB776528929/) unapi

Book Philippe Edel; Piotr Daszkiewicz; (2015)
Louis Henri Bojanus: le savant de Vilnius (/isis/citation/CBB106352827/) unapi

Article Jacob Lauge Thomassen; Simon Beierholm; (2020)
Franz Joseph Gall Came to Copenhagen, and for a Brief Moment the Brain Was the Talk of the Town (/isis/citation/CBB935430086/) unapi

Article Rieppel, Olivier; Williams, David M.; Ebach, Malte C.; (2013)
Adolf Naef (1883--1949): On Foundational Concepts and Principles of Systematic Morphology (/isis/citation/CBB001320041/) unapi

Book Irmscher, Christoph; (2013)
Louis Agassiz: Creator of American Science (/isis/citation/CBB001252283/) unapi

Book Engelhardt, Dietrich von; Nolte, Jürgen; (2002)
Von Freiheit und Verantwortung in der Forschung: Symposium zum 150. Todestag von Lorenz Oken (1779--1851) (/isis/citation/CBB000741179/) unapi

Chapter Smith, Christopher Upham Murray; (2014)
Herbert Spencer: Brain, Mind and the Hard Problem (/isis/citation/CBB001214143/) unapi

Article Lazar, J. Wayne; (2012)
Brain Physiology and the Mind in the Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB001211259/) unapi

Article Paul Eling; Stanley Finger; (2020)
Gall’s German Enemies (/isis/citation/CBB509621042/) unapi

Thesis Stefan Schöberlein; (2018)
Cerebral Imaginaries: Brains and Literature in the Transatlantic Sphere, 1800-1880 (/isis/citation/CBB941757615/) unapi

Article Plessis, Jean-Louis; (2000)
Meckel! Vous avez dit Meckel, mon cher collègue? (/isis/citation/CBB000110224/) unapi

Article Paul Eling; Stanley Finger; (2020)
Franz Joseph Gall's Non-Cortical Faculties and Their Organs (/isis/citation/CBB224301715/) unapi

Book Pietro Gori; (2018)
Ernst Mach: tra scienza e filosofia (/isis/citation/CBB991429309/) unapi

Article Kloocke, Ruth; Schmiedebach, Heinz-Peter; Priebe, Stefan; (2010)
Psychische Ereignisse -- organische Interpretationen: Traumakonzepte in der deutschen Psychiatrie seit 1889 (/isis/citation/CBB001220545/) unapi

Article Polka, Brayton; (2011)
The Metaphysics of Thinking Necessary Existence: Kant and the Ontological Argument (/isis/citation/CBB001252144/) unapi

Book Seigel, Jerrold E.; (2005)
The Idea of the Self: Thought and Experience in Western Europe since the Seventeenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB000930043/) unapi

Article Romand, David; (2010)
“Das Körper-Seele Problem” (/isis/citation/CBB001252102/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Eling, Paul
Finger, Stanley
Engelhardt, Dietrich von
Nolte, Jürgen
Malabou, Catherine
Constable, Marianne
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Histoire des Sciences Médicales
Revue de Synthèse
European Legacy
Journal of the History of Biology
Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft
Cambridge University Press
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
University of California, Berkeley
Vent d'Est
Oxford University Press
Philosophy of mind
Comparative anatomy
Gall, Franz Joseph
Descartes, René
Meckel, Johann Friedrich, the Younger
Oken, Lorenz
Derrida, Jacques
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century
17th century
20th century, early
21st century
Great Britain
United States
Harvard University
Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment