Article ID: CBB551406819

La géographie en ses épithètes et autres affichages (2020)

unapi

Cette exploration des modalités d’étiquetage de la géographie durant le xixe siècle, centrée sur la période 1860-1914, analyse la variété des configurations linguistiques dont cet ordre de savoirs a été doté lors de débats animant diverses situations savantes et d’enseignement en France et dans les congrès internationaux. L’article montre tant la pérennité de vocables ciblant une science plurielle ou indéterminée que la mobilisation de labellisations renouvelées visant à départager adversaires et partisans du dualisme géographique, et tenants d’une géographie tout court ou d’une géographie à épithètes. Il montre le rôle joué par des enjeux d’enseignement et l’ampleur des interactions transnationales qui ont animé des discussions accompagnant un mouvement collectif de disciplinarisation. This study of how ‘geography’ was labelled in the nineteenth century, particularly from 1860 to 1914, analyses the variety of linguistic configurations in which this order of knowledge was situated in teaching and research debates in France, and in international congresses. The article shows both how geography was persistentlly qualified as a plural and indeterminate science, and the new labelling introduced to distinguish advocates and detractors of geographical dualism from those adhering to a geography without qualifiers, or championing a persistence of qualifiers. The discussions surrounding the collective movement to make geography into a discipline are shown to be influenced by question of teaching and by many transnational interactions.

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http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB551406819/

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Authors & Contributors
Strenski, Ivan
Ackert, Lloyd T., Jr.
Stuchtey, Benedikt
López-Ocón, Leoncio
Chaumeil, Jean-Pierre
Verde Casanova, Ana
Journals
Journal of the History of Biology
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
Pharmacy in History
Physis: Rivista Intemazionale di Storia della Scienza
Modern Intellectual History
Health and History
Publishers
Oxford University Press
Iberoamericana
Böhlau
Concepts
Cross-national interaction
Discipline formation
International congresses
Psychology
Scientific communities; interprofessional relations
Professions and professionalization
People
Durkheim, Émile
Winogradsky, Serge
Jiménez de la Espada, Marcos
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von
Lévy-Bruhl, Lucien
Koyré, Alexandre
Places
France
Germany
Great Britain
United States
Mexico
England
Times
19th century
20th century, early
Institutions
Museo Nacional de México
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