Article ID: CBB549395354

Historical Perspective: The British Contribution to the Understanding of Neurocysticercosis (2019)

unapi

Neurocysticercosis, or brain infestation with the larval stage of Taenia solium, is the most common risk factor for epilepsy in many endemic regions of the world. Hardly any cases are seen in Western developed countries, including Britain. However, a sizeable number (n = 450) was seen among British soldiers returning from deputation to India, then a British colony, first reported by Col. MacArthur at the Queen Alexandria Military Hospital in 1931. Here, we review the influence of the perceptive observations of British Army medics on the understanding of the parasitic disorder. The majority of these people presented with epilepsy. Among the contributions of the army medics were establishing the diagnosis, initially by histological examination of subcutaneous and muscular infestation, and later by radiography, clarifying the prognosis and the role of medical and surgical treatments and uncovering the close relationship between the larval (cysticercosis) and adult (intestinal tapeworm) stages of T. solium.

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Authors & Contributors
Harrison, Mark
Jones, M.
Keyser, Antoine
Eling, Paul
Bladin, Peter F.
Gilbert, Pamela K.
Journals
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadien d'Histoire de la Medecine
Social History of Medicine
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Physis: Rivista Intemazionale di Storia della Scienza
Iranian Studies
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Publishers
Palgrave Macmillan
Cambridge University Press
Oxford University Press
Epilepsy Australia
State University of New York Press
University of Chicago Press
Concepts
Great Britain, colonies
Colonialism
Medicine
Imperialism
Medicine and the military; medicine in war
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
People
Muskens, Louis J. J.
Howard, Albert, Sir
Moreira, Juliano
Austregésilo, Antônio
Peixoto, Afrânio
Places
Great Britain
India
Australia
Sri Lanka
Netherlands
United States
Times
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
17th century
Modern
Early modern
Institutions
East India Company (English)
East India College
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