Article ID: CBB549395354

Historical Perspective: The British Contribution to the Understanding of Neurocysticercosis (2019)


Neurocysticercosis, or brain infestation with the larval stage of Taenia solium, is the most common risk factor for epilepsy in many endemic regions of the world. Hardly any cases are seen in Western developed countries, including Britain. However, a sizeable number (n = 450) was seen among British soldiers returning from deputation to India, then a British colony, first reported by Col. MacArthur at the Queen Alexandria Military Hospital in 1931. Here, we review the influence of the perceptive observations of British Army medics on the understanding of the parasitic disorder. The majority of these people presented with epilepsy. Among the contributions of the army medics were establishing the diagnosis, initially by histological examination of subcutaneous and muscular infestation, and later by radiography, clarifying the prognosis and the role of medical and surgical treatments and uncovering the close relationship between the larval (cysticercosis) and adult (intestinal tapeworm) stages of T. solium.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Sheldrake, Merlin; (2012)
Albert Howard and the Mycorrhizal Association (/isis/citation/CBB001221606/) unapi

Article Neves, Margarida de Souza; (2010)
O grande mal no Cemitério dos Vivos: diagnósticos de epilepsia no Hospital Nacional de Alienados (/isis/citation/CBB001420491/) unapi

Article Eling, Paul; Keyser, Antoine; (2003)
Louis Muskens: A Leading Figure in the History of Dutch and World Epileptology (/isis/citation/CBB000410025/) unapi

Article Jones, M.; (2000)
The Ceylon malaria epidemic of 1934--35: A case study in colonial medicine (/isis/citation/CBB000111976/) unapi

Book Wald, Erica; (2014)
Vice in the Barracks: Medicine, the Military and the Making of Colonial India, 1780--1868 (/isis/citation/CBB001422202/) unapi

Article Padiak, Janet; Herring, D. Ann; (2010)
Lost in Transition: Influenza in the British Army in the 1830s and 1840s (/isis/citation/CBB001024920/) unapi

Article Marshall, Tabitha; (2010)
Surgeons Reconsidered: Military Medical Men of the American Revolution (/isis/citation/CBB001024918/) unapi

Book Gilbert, Pamela K.; (2004)
Mapping the Victorian Social Body (/isis/citation/CBB000550086/) unapi

Article Aggarwal, Abhilasha; (2007)
British Higher Education in Mathematics for India: Two British Colleges, 1806--1861 (/isis/citation/CBB001023640/) unapi

Book Lahiri Choudhury, Deep Kanta; (2010)
Telegraphic Imperialism: Crisis and Panic in the Indian Empire, c.1830--1920 (/isis/citation/CBB001033497/) unapi

Book Sumathi Ramaswamy; (2017)
Terrestrial Lessons: The Conquest of the World as Globe (/isis/citation/CBB726390594/) unapi

Book Thomas Simpson; (2021)
The Frontier in British India: Space, Science, and Power in the Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB821194883/) unapi

Chapter Spear, Jeffrey L.; (2010)
A South Kensington Gateway from Gwalior to Nowhere (/isis/citation/CBB001201874/) unapi

Book Rohan Deb Roy; (2017)
Malarial Subjects: Empire, Medicine and Nonhumans in British India, 1820-1909 (/isis/citation/CBB894891343/) unapi

Book Kathleen Davidson; (2017)
Photography, Natural History and the Nineteenth-Century Museum: Exchanging Views of Empire (/isis/citation/CBB301363009/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Harrison, Mark
Jones, M.
Keyser, Antoine
Eling, Paul
Bladin, Peter F.
Gilbert, Pamela K.
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadien d'Histoire de la Medecine
Social History of Medicine
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Physis: Rivista Intemazionale di Storia della Scienza
Iranian Studies
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Palgrave Macmillan
Cambridge University Press
Oxford University Press
Epilepsy Australia
State University of New York Press
University of Chicago Press
Great Britain, colonies
Medicine and the military; medicine in war
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Muskens, Louis J. J.
Howard, Albert, Sir
Moreira, Juliano
Austregésilo, Antônio
Peixoto, Afrânio
Great Britain
Sri Lanka
United States
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
17th century
Early modern
East India Company (English)
East India College

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment