Article ID: CBB547530416

Sciences and Economies in the Scientific Revolution: Concepts, Materials, and Commensurable Fragments (2018)

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Debates about the nature of the so-called Scientific Revolution can be treated as a touchstone describing many of the fundamental changes in the field of the history of science. The establishment of the history and philosophy of science in the second half of the twentieth century occurred at a time when leading academic scientists among the victorious Western allies were intent on keeping the sciences apart from direct political and economic entanglements. In contradistinction to the Marxist-inspired scientists of the 1930s, they sought to raise scientific ideas to the rank of the highest expression of the human spirit, standing alongside Shakespeare and the like. A history of “pure” scientific ideas therefore motivated the field. By the 1970s, attention to ideologies, social relations, and practices began to open up other analytical possibilities. But other analytical approaches began to look for ways to understand mind and body as joined rather than as separate. The material objects to which scientists attend can be made commensurable, flowing like coins across many borders, suggesting that scientific processes are not confined to one branch of human history or one region of the world. The sciences have economies that are larger than moral economies alone.

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Article Lukas Rieppel; Eugenia Lean; William Deringer (2018) Introduction: The Entangled Histories of Science and Capitalism. Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences (pp. 1-24). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Agassi, Joseph
Figaredo Curiel, Francisco Humberto
Kitcher, Phillip
Jas, Nathalie
Boudia, Soraya
Marcum, James A.
Journals
HOPOS
Science and Education
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Philosophy of Science
History and Technology
Postcolonial Studies
Publishers
Kluwer
Continuum
Oxford University Press
Cambridge University Press
McMaster University (Canada)
Franco Angeli
Concepts
Philosophy of science
Historiography
Science studies, theoretical works
Science and society
Positivism
Science and politics
People
Kuhn, Thomas S.
Reisch, George A.
Marx, Karl
Hook, Sidney
Mead, George Herbert
Blumer, Herbert
Time Periods
20th century, late
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
Places
United States
France
Cuba
Russia
Japan
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