Article ID: CBB538973522

Caribbean-Atlantic Discourses of Race, Equality, and Humanity in the Age of Revolution (2019)


As geopolitical warfare intensified in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, free individuals of African heritage increasingly disputed European ideologies that condemned them as naturally inferior and lacking in humanity. With the onset of the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) and the Latin American wars for independence (1810-1825), individuals and groups of African descent circulated their own views. I argue that free Blacks from colonial Saint Domingue, Jamaica, and Cuba employed similar rhetorical strategies across the French, British, and Spanish empires. Their speeches, petitions, and declarations forged distinct Afro-Atlantic counter-discourses that proclaimed their equality and advocated for their human and civil rights.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book Elizabeth Stordeur Pryor; (2016)
Colored travelers: mobility and the fight for citizenship before the Civil War (/isis/citation/CBB521196674/) unapi

Book John Claborn; (2017)
Civil Rights and the Environment in African-American Literature, 1895-1941 (/isis/citation/CBB305948767/) unapi

Thesis Christopher D. Willoughby; (2016)
Pedagogies of the Black Body: Race and Medical Education in the Antebellum United States (/isis/citation/CBB728296810/) unapi

Thesis Stone, Andrea; (2009)
Healthy: Medicine, Law, Literature and a Nineteenth-Century Black Rhetorics of Physicality (/isis/citation/CBB001562869/) unapi

Book Karen A. Johnson; Abul Pitre Fayetteville State University North Carolina; Kenneth L. Johnson; (2014)
African American Women Educators: A Critical Examination of Their Pedagogies, Educational Ideas, and Activism from the Nineteenth to the Mid-twentieth Century (/isis/citation/CBB910808148/) unapi

Article Emily West; R. J. Knight; (2017)
Mothers' Milk: Slavery, Wet-Nursing, and Black and White Women in the Antebellum South (/isis/citation/CBB838467031/) unapi

Article Lynne Feeley; (April 2019)
The Elevationists: Gerrit Smith, Black Agrarianism, and Land Reform in 1840s New York (/isis/citation/CBB944344857/) unapi

Thesis John P. Claborn; (2012)
Ecology of the Color Line: Race and Nature in American Literature, 1895–1941 (/isis/citation/CBB172442656/) unapi

Thesis Iannini, Christopher Paul; (2004)
Fatal Revolutions: United States Natural Histories of the Greater Caribbean, 1707--1856 (/isis/citation/CBB001562072/) unapi

Article Mulich, Jeppe; (2013)
Microregionalism and Intercolonial Relations: The Case of the Danish West Indies, 1730--1830 (/isis/citation/CBB001421522/) unapi

Article John E. Crowley; (2016)
Sugar Machines: Picturing Industrialized Slavery (/isis/citation/CBB194086091/) unapi

Book McCook, Stuart; (2002)
States of Nature: Science, Agriculture, and Environment in the Spanish Caribbean, 1760-1940 (/isis/citation/CBB000201475/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Claborn, John
McCook, Stuart G.
Carey, Mark
Downs, Jim
Mulich, Jeppe
Iannini, Christopher Paul
Environmental History
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Journal of Global History
American Historical Review
Journal of American History
Journal of Southern History
University of Texas Press
Oxford University Press
New York, City University of
University of Toronto
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Bloomsbury Academic
African Americans
African Americans and science
Slavery and slaves
Civil rights
Sloane, Hans
Humboldt, Alexander von
Crèvecoeur, St. John de
Bartram, William
Audubon, John James
Delany, Martin
United States
Southern states (U.S.)
West Indies
North America
Atlantic world
19th century
18th century
20th century, early
20th century
17th century
16th century

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment