Chapter ID: CBB538584160

Cartography (2014)


This chapter provides a brief overview of medieval European and Islamic maps of the Mediterranean, with the subsequent development of portolan charts. It is argued that all pre‐modern maps of the Mediterranean Sea were part of what in Europe came to be called “the art of memory”—that is, they were a means of schematically structuring and remembering constellations of ideas. In classical and medieval European maps, that geographical scheme was overlaid with a theological or historical narrative that is not evident in the Islamic maps. The rise of portolan charts reflects increased travel, trade, and naval expeditions.

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Book Peregrine Horden; Sharon Kinoshita (2014) A Companion to Mediterranean History. unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Nicolai, Roel
Euben, Roxanne Leslie
Stuckrad, Kocku von
Batsaki, Yota
Bazzaz, Sahar
Angelov, Dimiter
Imago Mundi: A Review of Early Cartography
Journal of Global History
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Princeton University Press
Edizioni Cadmo
Bodleian Library
Harvard University Press
Ashgate, Variorum
Maps; atlases
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Nautical charts
Science and culture
Western world, civilization and culture
Mercator, Gerardus
Suhrawardī, Yaḥyá ibn Ḥabash
al-Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad
Time Periods
Early modern
15th century
14th century
Mediterranean region
North Africa
Middle and Near East

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