Article ID: CBB511536886

How Empowering Is Citizen Science? Access, Credits, and Governance for the Crowd (June 2019)

unapi

Chen, Shun-Ling (Author)


East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Volume: 13
Issue: 2
Pages: 215-234


Publication Date: June 2019
Edition Details: Special Issue: Citizen Science: Practices and Problems. Guest Editor: Shun-Ling Chen; Collaborating Editor: Fa-ti Fan
Language: English

Web-based crowdsourced citizen science is an efficient method for scientists to collect and process data. Although lay persons obtain the opportunities to participate in research and engage with scientists, these crowdsourced projects generally maintain the traditional hierarchy of academic science. Lay persons have little say in project or platform governance, and institutional tools to hold project investigators accountable are almost nonexistent. This article examines how existing institutional policies address the question of distribution in crowdsourced citizen science, as it may further affect lay participants’ role in the institution of scientific knowledge production and their access to research resources. This article begins by comparing the norms developed by citizen-science institutions. It then discusses examples from Galaxy Zoo to see how the results of research projects are distributed, both in the form of access to research outcome and in authorship. The article also discusses the potential conflicts that arise when crowdsourced projects are organized by for-profit companies and why citizen-science platforms should develop institutional norms to avoid such conflicts., 摘要:, 透過網站平台以眾包方式進行公民科學,可以讓科學家有效率的蒐集、處理研究資料,雖然素人得到參與研究、與科學家互動的機會,但這一類型的公民科學往往維持了科學研究的階層制度,參與者對研究計劃或是平台治理往往無法置喙,而能要求研究主持者對參與者負責的制度工具也付之闕如。 本文探討公民科學如何處理研究成果之資源分配的問題,這些分配的方式將進一步影響素人參與者在科學知識生產制度中的地位以及取得研究資源的機會。 本文首先比較公民科學相關機構所發展出的制度規範,再以星 系動物園 (Galaxy Zoo) 的幾項研究為例討論研究成果如何分配,包含誰能取得使用研究成果(如論文及研究資料)、以及誰能成為論文的共同作者。 本文也檢討營利事業以眾包方式進行公民科學所可能產生的衝突,以及為何公民科學平台應發展相關的制度性規範來避免此等衝突的發生。

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Includes Series Articles

Article Tu, Wen-Ling (June 2019) Combating Air Pollution through Data Generation and Reinterpretation: Community Air Monitoring in Taiwan. East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal (pp. 235-255). unapi

Article Chiou, Wen-Tsong (June 2019) What Roles Can Lay Citizens Play in the Making of Public Knowledge?. East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal (pp. 257-277). unapi

Included in

Article Vetter, Jeremy (June 2019) Knowing the Great Plains Weather: Field Life and Lay Participation on the American Frontier during the Railroad Era. East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal (pp. 195-213). unapi

Article Fan, Fa-ti; Chen, Shun-Ling; Kao, Chia-Liang; Murphy, Michelle; Price, Matt; Barry, Liz (June 2019) Citizens, Politics, and Civic Technology: A Conversation with g0v and EDGI. East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal (pp. 279-297). unapi

Article Fan, Fa-ti; Chen, Shun-Ling (June 2019) Citizen, Science, and Citizen Science. East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal (pp. 181-193). unapi

Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB511536886/

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Authors & Contributors
Youyue Cai
Jiaxin Chen
Wyatt, Sally
Tocchetti, Sara
Aguiton, Sara Angeli
Yevgeniya Tomkiv
Journals
Science, Technology and Human Values
Social Studies of Science
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
The Journal of Transport History
Publishers
Lian jing chu ban shi ye gu fen you xian gong si
MIT Press
Concepts
Technoscience; science and technology studies
Citizen participation
Governance
Public policy
Decision making
Technology and society
Places
Taiwan
Great Britain
Galapagos Islands
New Zealand
Western states (U.S.)
United States
Times
21st century
20th century
19th century
Institutions
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Galaxy Zoo
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